We may well be living the hora da virada (turning point), however slowly and gradually, with the lowering of
interest rates, higher taxes on bank profits, funds approved for important infra-structure works and the first results of the
Fome Zero (Zero Hunger) Program. Howeverand I'm not trying to talk like the
Joãozinho of the joke (the man who
only thinks of one thing)I must say this: the Lula administration took power without the benefit of a roadmap for action.
While acknowledging that the administration chose to start off by following the previous economic model,
avoiding thus any possible `earthquakes', the government still lacks an action script, now that neoliberalism seems
to be fading out. The PT (Workers Party) should have started drafting one 12 years ago, when Luiz Inácio Lula da
Silva ran for President for the first time.
Between then and now, a plan could have been drafted which would have been an alternative to globalizing
interests, containing concrete proposals about what to do to reduce unemployment, expand the domestic market,
multiply production and socially integrate the country.
Just generic enunciations
Taking into consideration the optimistic perspective of abandoning the economic policy which made our
lives hell for so many years, the conclusion may be that there was nothing to do besides generic enunciations.
Something about what to do, but nothing about how to do it.
Of course time goes on, realities change and new conditions demand constant alterations and
improvements, but things could be different now if there had been, since the beginning of the campaign, some alternative basic
plan. Some kind of textbook, permanently perfected and adapted, and ready to be implemented by the PT.
Maybe not right on January 1st, so as not to traumatize conservative segments, but at least ready to be
announced at an opportunity such as the one coming up now. Let's consider unemployment and the need to lower it, for
example. What will president Lula do? Should the government be talking about how to do it? Okay, we should help small
and medium size companies with easier-to-obtain credit, but on what terms? In what parts of the country? Which
credit institutions will be involved? Government-sponsored labor fronts able to rebuild and even implement roads, yes,
but which fronts? How to finance them? On what terms? Covering what kinds of workers?
Expanding the domestic marketanother example. What mechanisms should be used? Wage
increases? Lowering production costs by decreasing the tax burden? Or should we hit only the richest Brazilians, starting
with the huge fortunes, the inheritance tax and the high salaries? Direct incentives to local governments? How are
we to channel the necessary funds? Larger subsidies to agriculture? Which products? Limits on superfluous
imports, yes, but which ones? Multiplication of agricultural production by advancing on big lands in the interior? Or
improvements in productivity?
Agrarian reform? Further distribution of land with no detriment of the concentration into huge estates? Easy
credit for the interior? Should we adopt transgenics or commit to a new and massive attempt with wheat? What about
subsidies for cattle raising? Should we explore biomass as a cleaner and cheaper source of energy? What about the
overall social integration of the countryshould we do with welfare planning only? Or get all programs together into a
single one? Should we give incentives to domestic savings? Using which alternatives?
Again the question is where, how and when. Because the truth is that no program, not even an incomplete
one, has been put forward by the PT, with all its economists. What we hear is that we must resume growth. But we
remain generic. We are missing, it's very clear now, a true Action Plan from the government.
Two faces of the same coin
Congresswoman Jandira Fhegalli, of the PC do B (Brazilian Communist Party) did not run in defense of
Fidel Castro, with the big buzz in the press still going on about the death conviction of two Cubans who tried to
escape to Miami. She reminds everyone, though, that they were convicted in accordance with the laws of that country.
And she asks why do newspapers and newscasts not give the same treatment to the hundreds of death convictions
taking place in the United States, also in accordance with those laws. After all, the death penalty doesn't exist only in Cuba
And he even flew in the presidential plane...
A comment overheard in the more orthodox segments of the administration and the PT who don't accept
the possibility of any dialogue or understanding between Lula and José Alencar, after last Thursday, in Salvador,
when the vice-president restated in public the criticism made to the financial system: "And he even used the
presidential plane at his disposal
Carlos Chagas writes for the carioca daily
Tribuna da Imprensa (Rio) and is a representative of the Brazilian
Press Association, in Brasília. He welcomes your comments at
This article appeared originally at Tribuna da Imprensa -
Tereza Braga is a freelance Portuguese translator and interpreter based in Dallas. She is a
carioca who has lived and worked in the U.S. for 19 years. Accredited member of the American Translators Association.