President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva received a telephone call from the president of the United States, George W.
Bush, and gave him a hard message: if there is no progress with regard to the barriers Brazilian farm exports face, there will
not be any progress in other areas of the negotiations at the V Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization
which begins September 10 in Cancun, Mexico.
Lula said the declaration by the head of the WTO on agriculture was "unsatisfactory." but that the meeting was a
valuable opportunity to prepare for the next phase in the Doha Round. However, Lula made it clear that Brazil wants progress at
Cancun, before a continuation of Doha: "Together with other developing nations, Brazil has made a proposal that will allow us
to advance on this question," said Lula.
Bush told Lula that US Trade Representative, Robert Zoellick, will attempt to work with Brazilian Foreign Minister,
Celso Amorim, to reach a consensus at Cancun. Lula said Amorim was willing to work for a consensus. "Brazil wants to
preserve and strengthen the WTO and multilateral commerce," declared Lula.
Bush also told Lula that he was satisfied with the understandings reached in Geneva on Trade Related Intellectual
Property and Public Health.
CNA Has Backers
The Agriculture and Livestock Confederation of Brazil (CNA) is seeking the support of private international
institutions on behalf of the official Brazilian proposal that will be taken to the Cancun Conference. The CNA defends the proposal
of the G-20 (group of developing countries) opposing the subsidies rich countries grant their agricultural production in
areas "that cause distortions in world prices."
Up to now, 15 private institutions have endorsed the document prepared by the CNA. The Confederation calls for
greater access to world markets in order to compete on an equal footing with the rich countries in agrobusiness.
Farmers and ranchers in the United States and the European Union receive generous subsidies for what they
produce. The CNA, together with the Brazilian government, calls for the rich countries to reduce their concession of agricultural
subsidies. The Minister of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, Roberto Rodrigues, has already affirmed that "if agriculture isn't
negotiated, nothing will be."
Based on the same principle, the CNA launched the "Document in Support of the G-20 Framework for
Agricultural Negotiations in the Doha Round of the WTO," to bring together private entities from all the countries in the group. That
is, to reject the joint proposal presented by the United States and the European Union in favor of subsidies.
The head of the CNA's Department of International Affairs and Foreign Trade, Antônio Donizeti Bedraldo,
considers the G-20 proposal timid in terms of opening markets, but it makes up for this failing in its focus on combating
agricultural subsidies. "The joint proposal for agriculture by the United States and the European Union simply accommodates the
agricultural situations that already exist in these countries. It changes the appearance, but maintains the essence, of
The agricultural sector of the G-20 is responsible for 12.2 percent of the Gross Domestic Product of the group. This
figure is six times greater than that of the United States and the European Union. The members of the G-20, besides Brazil,
are: South Africa, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Philippines, Guatemala, Paraguay, Thailand, China,
Cuba, El Salvador, Ecuador, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, and Venezuela.
Brazil's Foreign Trade Chamber met recently to hone Brazil's position at the V Ministerial Meeting of the World
Trade Organization in Cancun.
That position will consist of a strong attack on agricultural barriers. Brazil will argue that the removal of such
barriers is essential for free trade, as well as for developing nations that are capable of being competitive in the agricultural
sector. Brazil's argument is supported by a group that has become known as the G-20, twenty developing nations that export
However, the world's biggest economiesthe US, Japan and Western Europeare opposed. "They are offering
some help to very poor nations, and asking us to wait. But we are convinced that there has to be an opening in the agricultural
sector now. Without that opening we cannot advance on other issues," explains the executive secretary of Camex, Mario
Minister of Foreign Relations, Celso Amorim, says that Brazil is going to Cancun to fight for the total elimination of
all forms of farm export subsidies, especially those in the United States and the European Union.
Amorim described the subsidies as malevolent to Brazilian interests in the agricultural sector in testimony at the
Chamber of Deputies.
The material for this article was supplied by Agência Brasil (AB), the official press agency of the Brazilian
government. Comments are welcome at firstname.lastname@example.org