On Sunday, July 11, the journalist Gilse Guerra published an article in O
Estado de S. Paulo about a group of senators who want to fulfill their
mandates without servile submission to the administration. Without systematic
adherence, without asking for either political appointments or liberation
of project funds.
A group of people who
will not limit themselves to nodding their heads in favor or shaking them
in opposition, a group worried about the directionor the lack thereofof
the Lula government.
In the article, the president
of the Workers Party (PT) says, "I am not going to give this any importance.
Right now I am taking care of the PT's beautiful electoral campaigns. That
is what is important."
This arrogant disdain
by president José Genoino proves this group is needed. The administration,
the President, the persons surrounding him and even the leadership in the
Congress have all closed themselves off in such a way that they feel no need
to hear from outside people.
When some congresspersons,
in the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, meet to say that they want to speak
and be heard, as the representatives of their voters, the president of the
PT says disdainfully, "That's not important." The Congress is not
Although it is only getting
started, the group already comprises five PT senators, another six from the
administration's base of support, and an opposition member with integrity,
Jefferson Peres. This is 15 percent of the Senate, almost half of the base
of support. And yet the president of the PT expresses his disdain. Because
that is the style of the administration. And this is the reason that justifies
the group's emergence.
This group is not the
embryo of a new political party; it will not oblige its participants to be
tied together, to vote as a block. It will not impede each of them from writing
what he or she thinks, expressing his or her ideas without compromising the
others. This is a group that, in the opinion of the author, has four reasons
for its existence.
The group desires to bring
together the unrobotized. Those who are not happy with the robotic oppositionalism
that always votes "nay." But they do not want to be robots in voting
During these 18 months
of government, the senators, even when they do not say this publicly, feel
robotized. They receive the projected bills, which are almost always provisional
measures, and they are forced to approve them.
The group also desires
to bring together the unamnesiacs. Those who still remember the pledges of
President Lula's campaign. And they want to help him remember, push him to
fulfill the commitments advocated.
Because the greater part
of the Congress today has the impression that the administration, besides
being closed off into itself, is ignoring the commitments advocated by the
PT throughout its history.
We have no doubt that
some of these commitments cannot be fulfilled immediately, but we want this
to be explained to the people. We want the people to be asked to pardon the
obligatory delay, but we do not want to forget what was promised. The group
will support extending the time to fulfill the campaign promises but does
not support forgetting them.
It is also the group of
the unleashed. Those who consider it a mistake to tie the administration to
the PT or to any other political party. Administrations come and go but the
parties must remain. The Lula government is the fruit of a coalition, the
Since it is the President's
party, the PT is the most important one in the coalition. But it is not the
PT's government; it is the Frente's. Lula is no longer president of the PT;
he is President of Brazil.
He is not obliged to do
what the PT desires when the coalition is not in agreement, but he does not
have the right to tie the PT together as if it were the same as the other
parties of the base of support. This also goes for each of the other parties.
Each of them has its own banner.
Lula has the banner of
the government. It would be good for the government if the PT would be unleashed.
It should remain faithful to its program and its past and should continue
supporting the government even when the Frente's circumstances might not permit
the PT to achieve what it desires, declares, recognizes as impossible at this
moment, but which it does not abandon.
This is not what has happened.
The president appears to want all the parties to be equal among themselves
and equal to him as President. He is losing the chance to be the center, the
equilibrium of the coalition. And with that he is compromising the future
of the PT, which loses its distinctive character when it becomes the same
as the government and the other parties.
Besides this, it is necessary
to expand national decisions beyond a nucleus formed basically of people from
São Paulo State. The Lula government sees Brazil and acts according
to the interests, conflicts and motivations of a small group linked to the
politics of São Paulo, a group that sometimes conveys the impression
that it sees the country as an appendix of its richest state.
It was these four reasons,
in the author's opinion, that brought together the group of senators and deputies
to dialogue in search of a way to exercise their mandates responsibly as members
of Congress, as militants, as people with progressive positions, with patriotic
sentiments for the needs of Brazil.
We want to collaborate
with the administration so that it will not forget the commitments advocated;
not try to robotize us, wasting the good suggestions that our voters pass
on to us; not kill the parties that support it by leashing them to the government;
and not function as if the national political terrain were limited to the
contours of a group linked to only one state.
Cristovam Buarque - firstname.lastname@example.org
- has a Ph.D. in economics. He is a PT senator for the Federal District
and was Governor of the Federal District (1995-98) and Minister of Education
from the Portuguese by Linda Jerome - LinJerome@cs.com.