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Adinho
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11/28/2002
11:57:21
Subject: Brasilian Backgrounds?
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All I really know is that slaves from Africa came to the
northern part of Brasil..but apart from a few other details,
I dont know much else. Can anyone tell me about the
brasilian background? Nationalities? The where when and
why is what I'm interested in.


HPC
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11/28/2002
12:35:30
RE: Brasilian Backgrounds?
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Blacks = Angola, Serra Leoa and others africans countries

Whites = Portugal, Italy, Germany, Spain, Poland and others (in order)

Asians = Lebanon, Japan, Korea, China and others

I dont know a lot about the numbers, but I know that 4 millions slaves came to Brazil (half of all slaves that came to Americas)

And europeans were 6 millions (1825-1940).

Many others came to Brazil but before 1825






Here
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11/28/2002
12:58:41
RE: Brasilian Backgrounds?
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This was borrowed from "Brazilians at a glance" by Jeremiah P Spence


North Region
The Northern Region is characterized by the Amazon River and Rainforest. The Amazon is the world's largest biological preserve which contains one-third of the planet's species. The population of the region is mostly indigenous peoples who live in the rainforest and profiteers who have come to the region to make money.

Northeast Region
This region is world renowned for its remarkable beaches and the strong influence of the African culture in this region. It was in Bahia that Brazil was discovered. The ethnic make-up of this region is composed of descendants of the original Portuguese, Dutch, and French settlers. There is also a very large population of Afro-Brazilians. This is most prominent in Bahia where many women still wear the white dresses of the traditional African religion.

Central-West Region
This region can easily be divided into two sub-regions: Plains/Swamp & Desert. Mato Grosso & Mato Grosso do Sul make-up the Pantanal which is a mix of a giant plains region with swamp areas. Whereas Goiás and the Federal District are entirely desert. The people in this region are mostly simple people who are ethnically a mixture of the original settlers to the region and the indiginous peoples. It should be mentioned that Brasilia is in this region.

Southeast Region
This is the region of Brazil that runs the rest of Brazil. More than 80% of all wealth in the country are located in this region. São Paulo, the third largest city in the world, is the center of industry and commerce in the country. Rio de Janeiro is the center of the tourist industry in Brazil. This region is mainly composed of Italian, Spanish, Japanese, and Portuguese peoples.

South Region
Blond kids, blue eyes and strong accents. Are we really in Brazil? The South is like that. Colonized mainly by German, Italian and Polish immigrants, the South carries in the works and endeavors of its inhabitants a strong European touch. This is indeed a world away from the rest of Brazil





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11/29/2002
07:18:07
RE: Brasilian Backgrounds?
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Many slaves where also used in the "Minas Gerais" to search for gold, and others where sold to the "Vale do Paraíba" (between Rio and São Paulo) to work at the coffee farms.


USCIT
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11/29/2002
14:48:48
RE: Brasilian Backgrounds?
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Not entirely sure just what you are looking for regarding the subject of slavery. I am fairly sure you mean for Brazil, but to know slavery in Brazil you first kind of need to understand the overall subject as well as the period.

Trying to be extremely brief; Slavery began before recorded history and has been part of every culture in the world. Nordic, Asian, Polynesian, African, Arabic, Hindu, Muslim, Anglo and Amerindian (both North and South) before the white man was ever seen. (In the America’s, Africa and so on.) As well as all others. Initially slavery had a two-fold objective. Someone to till the farm land and for sexual partners to expand the blood line.

The big rise in slavery came during the expansion of the Roman Empire. Serfdom, slavery over debts, general labor, teachers and for ego. Asiatic slaves were of special value in the early days as an ego factor. Many also voluntarily became slaves to better their position in certain cultures.

Agriculture however became the main reason for having slaves. The economy of the world was largely based upon the farmer, and he needed many workers per acre to work the land before the advent of machinery.

All of the above is just to state that slavery itself was common, accepted by all levels of culture, and as much a part of life as hiring a lawn boy might be today. Even the Christian peoples, as that culture fragment grew, embraced slavery as an acceptable form of employment and at various times in history owned many. Churches of many denominations had church or temple slaves.

Jumping ahead then to Brazil, and Slaves in Brazil, it is to know that slavery at that time period was just another part of life. Brazilians were trying to farm vast acreages and had a definite problem getting the people needed to do it. They initially attempted to enslave the local Indian, but that never did really quite work out for several reasons. One, many of their slaves died due to disease and mal-treatment. Two, the jungle was just a little too close. Many slaves escaped, never to be seen again. Three, the Indian did not adapt well to a life of farming for a ‘master’.

The result was to import African slaves. They were more amenable. Able to withstand the heat. And just generally made better slaves. Portugal had been importing slaves from Africa since 1440, so sending African slaves to Brazil was merely a change in the direction a ship took. Other countries that entered the slave trade about the same time were the British, Dutch, French and Spanish. (The U.S. did not have a Navy or much of a presence in commercial shipping yet. The beginnings of direct importation of slaves into the U.S. began with the first shipload to Virginia in 1641.)

For Brazil, at the same time that African slaves were being imported, the paulistas continued raiding many Indian villages for cheaper, additional slaves especially to work in the cooler climes where many Africans got sick.

So the ‘when’ of slavery is that it began almost right from the first settlements. The why is for farming labor. They were also used in the factories of the time, but many of the factories were right on the farms so that was merely an extension of labor. The where was just about every port in Brazil at the time, although many slaves from Africa were landed in Haiti for ‘conditioning’ and then transshipped to the eventual port and owner. The port dictated being the one with the most and best goods to ship in exchange.

Much is left out, but there are hundreds of books written on this subject alone. Difficult to condense into a forum discussion.

Slavery existed legally in the U.S. until 1864 and in Brazil until 1888. Albeit, not a widely received occasion in either country. It took many years to actually put slavery down, and is hardly completely down yet.

Slavery is gotten around by the simple tactic of Domestic Entrapment. Everybody has to eat. It is easily recognized that there are too many people on this land. Therefore, all one has to do to get a ‘slave’ is offer a job at a very low paying wage and sooner or later, someone will take it. Those who make a few dollars more than the lowest of the low even feel themselves fortunate and take their enslavement gladly.

In spite of the massive efforts on the part of some, no political agenda, revolution or other action is likely to change that except to perhaps export your poor and hungry. If a land can be found that will take them. And the rich don't sabotage the transportaion, as they WANT cheap labor. They could care less how well one lives.

Slavery in the modern form will ‘always’ exist until the population is brought under control and the work market exceeds the work force. Something the big money people aren’t about to just ‘let happen’.

The others provided good info as to origins. Essentially Brazil is populated by people from all over the world, and through the course of time, most of those races have intermingled.





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