Experts and representatives of the federal government indicated the Amazon’s deforestation as the main contributor for gases emission into the atmosphere, thus responsible for causing the greenhouse effect in Brazil.
The meeting, during a public audience at the Commission for the Environment and Sustainable Development of the Chamber of Deputies, had the objective to discuss the definition of a national policy about climate changes aiming at the reduction of carbon emissions, as established in the Kyoto Protocol.
The researcher of the Institute Vitae Civilis, Délcio Rodrigues, affirmed that Brazil is the sixth largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world. According to him, deforestation is responsible for 75% of the emission of pollutant gases in Brazil.
The Executive Secretary of the Brazilian Climate Change Forum, Luiz Pinguelli Rosa, said that the adoption of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), established by the Protocol, is not enough to combat the greenhouse effect.
Through the CDM, industrialized countries that have emission reduction goals established by the Protocol may invest on projects to generate clean energy in developing nations. The reduction obtained through these projects will be counted towards attainment of these goals.
According to the general coordinator of Global Climate Changes of the Ministry of Science and Technology, José Domingues Miguez, 35% of CDM projects currently being validated are from Brazil.