Goiás, a state in the Brazilian Midwest, occupies the 11th position in the Brazilian export ranking, with sales of US$ 3.2 billion in 2007, i.e., a 2% share of total exports by the country. In comparison with the previous year, there was growth of 51.9% and of 731.6% since 1998.
The total number of companies based in the state, 418, represented growth of 11.2% compared with the previous year, and of 137.5% since 1998.
The figures are part of the survey "Micro and Small Businesses in Brazilian Exports – Brazil and States – 1998/2007," commissioned by the Brazilian Micro and Small Business Support Service (Sebrae) from the Foreign Trade Studies Center Foundation (Funcex). Based on figures of the Foreign Trade Secretariat (Secex), the survey cross-references information on all of the 13,000 micro and small Brazilian companies that exported in the period from 1998-2007.
The companies were divided into categories according to gross annual revenue limits set by the General Law of Micro and Small Businesses, which are of up to 240,000 reais (US$ 100,041) for micro companies and up to 2.4 million reais (US$ 1.041 million) for small ones.
In 2007, there were 205 micro and small exporter businesses in the state of Goiás, which sold to foreign countries the equivalent US$ 19.8 million, or 0.6% of total exports by the state. Those results, in comparison with 2006, represent growth of 11.4% in number of companies and of 39.6% in export value.
The number of micro and small enterprises, which had decreased in 2006, grew in 2007. The export value, on the other hand, has been increasing steadily since 2001. In comparison with the year of 1998, micro and small companies in the state recorded growth of 159.5% in number of companies and of 255.1% in export value.
The number of micro exporter companies based in Goiás grew 14.7% in the last two years and 207.1% since 1998, having reached 86 enterprises in 2007. Exports by these companies totaled US$ 1 million in 2007, representing growth of 31.5% year-on-year and of 123.3% since 1998.
The average export value per micro company in 2007 was US$ 11,200, the lowest average value of all Brazilian states. Despite representing year-on-year growth of 14.7%, the figure is 27.3% lower than recorded in 1998.
Among small companies, there were a total of 119 exporters, representing year-on-year growth of 9.2% and of 133.3% compared with 1998. Exports by small companies totaled US$ 18.8 million in 2007, representing growth of 40% year-on-year and of 266.1% since 1998. In turn, the average export value of US$ 158,200 per company translates into year-on-year expansion of 28.3%.
In the year of 2007, 94.9% of all companies that exported using the Simplified Export Declaration (DSE) were micro and small businesses (75 companies), which answered to 95.8% of total exports using the mechanism. In the year of 1999, approximately ten small companies used the DSE, having answered to virtually all of the export value in that year.
The sectors that concentrated the largest number of micro companies from the state of Goiás in 2007 were trade (44 companies and 44.3% of total exports) and industry (37 companies and 40.2% of the total). Among the small ones, the highlights were also trade (65 companies and 34.5% of the total) and industry (44 companies and 43.4% of the total).
The majority of micro businesses (72.1%) exported less than US$ 10,000 in 2007, but 23 companies in the category answered to most of the export value (80%), having exported more than US$ 20,000 each. Among small businesses, 68.1% of enterprises exported the equivalent to more than US$ 120,000, having answered to 73.9% of total exports.
Exports by micro and small businesses based in the state of Goiânia in 2007 concentrated in manufactured goods, which answered to 57.2% of sales, as against the 6.3% share that these products have in total sales by the state. Another 41% consisted of basic goods.
In terms of main products exported, micro companies from Goiânia stand out in foreign sales of women's clothing (19.8% of total exports in 2007), prepared vegetable products/vinegar preserves (9.4%), brooms, brushes and similar items (8.3%), raw coffee beans (6.3%) and electric ignition or self-starter devices (3.1%).
The highlight products among small companies in 2007 were raw cotton (13.9% of the total), raw, uncut precious or semiprecious stones (8.3%), organic-inorganic compounds (4.8%), milk and concentrated milk cream/added sugar (4.4%) and centrifuges and filtering or depurating devices (4%).
In 2007, micro exporter companies from Goiânia concentrated in the sectors of wholesale trade and intermediation (21 companies and 31.3% of sales), textiles and accessories (24 companies and 18.8% of sales), Retail trade and repairs of personal and household objects (22 companies and 13.5% of sales), furniture manufacturing and various industries (3 companies and 8.3% of sales) and fishing, aquaculture and services related to these activities (7.3% of sales).
Among small companies, in turn, the highlights are the sectors of wholesale trade and intermediaries (50 companies and 22.7% of sales), agriculture, cattle raising and services related to those activities (4 companies and 13.6% of sales), retail trade and repairs of personal and household objects (14 companies and 9.7% of sales), manufacturing of foodstuffs and beverages (8 companies and 9.3% of sales) and extraction of non-metallic minerals (4 companies and 6.9% of sales).
The European Union (34.4% of sales) and the United States and Canada (16.7%) received the majority of exports by micro companies last year, whereas the Latin-American Integration Association (Aladi) member countries had less significant shares (9.4% for the Mercosur and 3.1% for the remaining countries).
Among small companies, the highlights were sales to the Aladi countries (16.3% to the Mercosur and 2.8% to the other countries in the region) and to the United States and Canada (19%). Also important were sales to the Asian-Pacific countries (18.4%) and to the European Union (18.2%).
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