Almost 10% of Brazilians Live in Extreme Poverty with Less than US$ 2 a Day

Brazil sertão Eliminating extreme poverty in Brazil has become Dilma Rousseff administration’s top priority. This week the government kicked off its effort by – literally – drawing a line in the sand: the extreme poverty line.

Based on surveys and 2010 census data by the government statistical bureau (IBGE), it was decided that the definition of extreme poverty in Brazil is: any family that has per capita income of less than 70 reais (US$ 43.7) per month.

The United Nations definition of extreme poverty is a person living on less than $1.25 per day, which works out to about US$ 60 per month.

As a result of the IBGE information, the minister of Social Development and Hunger Combat (MDS), Tereza Campello announced that the number of Brazilians living in extreme poverty is 16.2 million, the equivalent of 8.5% of the population.

She went on to explain that the new extreme poverty line will orient government social program policies, and especially the new Brazil Without Misery Plan (Plano Brasil sem Miséria) that the MDS will be launching soon.

In determining the new 70 reais per capita extreme poverty line, the IBGE took a number of factors into account besides income. For example, living conditions, the presence of indoor toilets and access to sewerage, potable water and electricity. The IBGE also evaluated whether the family members were elderly or illiterate.

Some other numbers in the IBGE surveys show just how daunting the problem of poverty is and the challenge facing the government: according to the IBGE, out of the 16.2 million in extreme poverty, 4.8 million have no income at all and the remaining 11.4 million have per capita income that varies widely – from R$1 to R$70 per month.

Income Tax

On the other hand, a total of 24,370,072 Brazilians turned in individual income tax declarations this year before the midnight deadline on Friday, April 29.

Anyone who missed the deadline will have to pay a fine of 165.74 reais (US$ 103.4), or 20% of owed taxes, whichever is higher. Brazilians are famous for leaving things for the last moment, and there was in fact a last minute rush as 3 million declarations were filed on the last day.

As of midnight, Friday, April 29, the IRS (Receita Federal) income tax declaration software program went off the air. A new program, for late filings, was available on Monday morning, May 2.

ABr

Tags:

You May Also Like

Lula Became Hostage of the Rich, Says Brazilian Bishop

Brazilian Bishop Dom Luiz Flávio Cappio received recently the Kant World Citizen Award from ...

Analysts Upgrade Forecast for Brazil’s Surplus to US$ 38 Billion

The good performance in Brazilian exports in the beginning of the year has caused ...

Brazilians in Boston Invited to Hear About That Fish That Got Away

The New England Aquarium in Boston is having a special event on September 24 ...

It’s Still Not Easy Being Black in Brazil

In Brazil, unlike other countries, different ethnic groups interact a lot – sometimes peacefully, ...

Brazil: We’ve Got Our Geniuses Too

There have been many a "genius" from other continents and countries other than from ...

South Korea Gets Green Light to Open Development Bank in Brazil

The Minister of Foreign Relations of Brazil, Celso Amorim, said yesterday that commercial relations ...

Buy from Brazil’s Varig, Fly American Airlines. And Vice Versa

Varig, the former leading Brazilian airline, which is now a subsidiary of Gol Linhas ...

Tunisia Wants Brazil’s Technology on Growing Wheat

Gathered in Brazilian capital BrasÀ­lia, researchers of the Ministry of Agriculture of Tunisia and ...

Is Brazil Ready to Elect a Woman and Former Guerrilla for President?

If economist Dilma Rousseff, former guerrilla and known for her strong character and work ...

All Congress Leaders in Brazil Knew About Ruling PT’s Bribe Money

Brazilian ruling PT’s (Workers Party) former secretary general Silvio Pereira confessed that all top ...