The Brazilian government
is operating on a climate of electoral
campaigning and the press is not. Out of step with each other,
room for all kinds of misunderstandings. President
Lula da Silva made clear what he thinks: "News is the stuff
we don’t want to see published; the rest is advertising".
The new onslaught on the
press by the governmentthe second this monthhas aggravating circumstances:
** It was voiced this
time by Chief of Staff José Dirceu, supposedly a rational politician,
skillful negotiator, very little prone to emotional explosions and, considering
the sum of his personal powers and attributes, almost a prime-minister.
** He was the first one
to voice out in publiceven before president Lula da Silva took officethe
idea that the press was a matter of national interest.
** Based on that statement,
which was considered a green light, the Brazilian corporate media felt encouraged
to submit to BNDS (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento EconômicoNational
Economic Development Bank) a formal plea for a privileged line of credit.
** The attack, this time,
was also fired against the federal departments, who were supposedly colluding
with the press for broadcasting its investigations. What happened, however,
was that Conamp and ANPR, the organizations representing the MP (Ministério
PúblicoPublic Prosecutor Office, promptly and courageously contested
the accusations of minister José Dirceu (O Globo, Monday 1/19,
page 3). They were not followed, however, by the organizations representing
the press. Rather, they retreated silently. Some political journalists protested
in isolation (Dora Kramer, Estado de S. Paulo and Jornal do Brasil,
Monday 1/19) but as institutions, newspapers were mostly mute. They control
the right to respond but did not feel compelled to exercise it democratically.
Exceptions made to the same Estadão and to Globo,
who published editorials four days after the onslaught by the minister
** On the same day that
minister José Dirceu struck his blow (Friday, 1/16, next day papers),
the president of BNDES, Carlos Lessa, usually in a good mood, forgot about
about his proverbial carioca bonhomie and played hard on the press,
making fun of it for the 34 times he was "fired" from his jobs.
Please note that Carlos Lessa, due to the position he occupies now, will be
the one to give the final word on the plea by the media for a special line
These are the factors
of the equation. Now the analysis:
** The declarations made
by minister José Dirceu occurred in the midst of a redress ceremony
dedicated to his friend and comrade Congressman Luiz Eduardo Greenhalgh (PT-SP),
whose name was featured in the news linked to torture sessions supposedly
practiced against one of the alleged assassins of Mayor Celso Daniel. Only
one newspaper, Folha, featured the accusation apparently leaked by
the members of MP following the case. No other major newspaper followed up
on the information. That reaction was justified by the irresponsible nature
of the accusations.
** But the government,
who complains so much about the generalizations committed by the means of
communication, did the exact same thing: it generalizedalthough the
minister had referred to "sectors of the press". He extended to
an institutionthe Pressthe mistake commited by one of its parts.
Was he afraid of Folha or did he prefer to beat an abstract victim?
** Meanwhile, this same
presstheorically agile and attentive to the public interest and thus
deserving special attention from the governmentgave in to summertime
sluggishness: it showed no reaction at all. There was no time? Don’t newspapers
come out every day? Don’t they draft on Friday the editorials for Saturday,
Sunday and Monday? If the matter can be postponed for four or five days, what
is the reason for the hurry and flurry and their proclaimed commitment with
** The Federal Departments-Press
or Fourth Power-Sixth Power collusion, if it in fact exists, was created during
a time when the PT was opposition and the order of the day was a systematic
everything-goes to weaken the government. The leaking of secret information
became a common practice because it was immediately transformed into glowing
speeches in the House and in the Senate by the indefatigable opposition leaderships.
** The remarkable bad
mood of Carlos Lessa was not a random occurrence. He mocked the press heavily,
following the boastful attitude of governor Roberto Requião, stating
before reporters that he had come to the nation’s capital to protect the president
of BNDES from the ministerial shake-up. If a character with the moral and
professional stature of Carlos Lessa needs protection of this kind, then all
the 34 rumors about an eventual replacement make sense.
The larger truth is that
the government is operating on a climate of electoral campaigning and the
press is not. Out of step with each other, they leave room for all kinds of
misunderstandings. Including that ABC in Journalism uttered by president Lula
da Silva in the ceremony to close the year: "News is the stuff we don’t
want to see published; the rest is advertising".
During campaigns, what
candidates want is praise. If the press made a mistake, the mistake was not
being smart enough to perceive that this was the worst time to ask for anything
from a government on a permanent state of electoral mobilization.
Alberto Dines, the
author, is a journalist, founder and researcher at LABJORLaboratório
de Estudos Avançados em Jornalismo (Laboratory for Advanced Studies
in Journalism) at UNICAMP (University of Campinas) and editor of the Observatório
da Imprensa. He also writes a column on cultural issues for the Rio
daily Jornal do Brasil. You can reach him by email at email@example.com
This article was
originally published in Observatório da Imprensa www.observatoriodaimprensa.com.br
Translated by Tereza
Braga. Braga is a freelance Portuguese translator and interpreter based
in Dallas. She is an accredited member of the American Translators Association.