• Categories
  • Archives

Brazil Tepid on Renewable Energy

 Brazil Tepid on Renewable 
  Energy

Greenpeace claims that
the recent agreements concluded last
month between Brazil and China for the construction of coal-fired
plants and the resumption of the Brazilian nuclear program are
contrary to the position adopted by the country in the past. This
position represents a step backwards for Brazil, says Greenpeace.
by: Nádia
Faggiani

Itaipu

Brazil stands to lose international financing and its leadership position
in the world, if the government defends the inclusion of hydroelectric plants
in its projects to generate renewable energy. This is the opinion of the NGO’s
that are participating in the World Renewable Energy Conference, which is
being held in Bonn, Germany.

According to the advisory
office of the Minister of Energy, Dilma Rousseff, this is the position defended
by the Brazilian government at the Conference, which ends June 4. Rousseff
will also speak on behalf of Latin America and the Caribbean.

For the coordinator of
the Greenpeace energy campaign, Sérgio Dialetachi, Brazil’s position
will give the entire world the impression that the country is not interested
in producing renewable energy or in receiving international support and financing.

Dialetachi said that this
position represents a step backwards from the Rio+10 Conference in Johannesburg,
South Africa, in 2002, when Brazil supported the proposal to raise the share
of renewable energy sources to 10 percent of the global energy matrix by the
year 2010.

At present, 4 percent
of the value of loans made by the World Bank (IBRD), for example, is earmarked
for new renewable sources, and, if this percentage is raised to 10 percent,
the investment can increase from US$ 80 million to US$ 200 million.

"Brazil is the champion
of renewable energy, and we do not need to make the same mistakes as those
committed in planting sugarcane; instead, we can use plants to extract energy
for fuels, the so-called biomass.

"Brazil also has
an eolic energy research center in Pernambuco, and professors from there teach
classes in Denmark, the Netherlands, and Germany, the countries that are the
biggest users of wind energy in the world. Despite this, Brazil does not have
a national industry to generate energy from the sun or the wind," laments
the coordinator of the Greenpeace energy campaign.

Dialetachi claims that
the recent agreements concluded last month between Brazil and China for the
construction of coal-fired plants and the resumption of the Brazilian nuclear
program are contrary to the position adopted by the country in the past, when
it led important movements.

A consultant from the
NGO Vitae Civilis, Delcio Rodrigues, asserts that big hydroelectric projects,
in addition to not being sustainable, cause environmental and social impacts.

The NGO’s are proposing
that an international agreement be elaborated at the Bonn Conference for the
exclusive development of new renewable energy sources, with the minimum possible
environmental impact. These include solar and eolic energy, the utilization
of biomass residues, and small hydroelectric plants.

Altogether, representatives
of 90 countries are participating in the encounter. They will assume mutual
commitments and sign a joint declaration that should serve, politically, to
influence the decisions of the IBRD and other international banks.

Nuclear Plant Angra
III

The Minister of Science
and Technology, Eduardo Campos, said June 1, in Rio, that the federal government
should decide by the end of this year whether or not to build the Angra III
nuclear energy plant on the southern coast of the state, where Angra I and
II are already located.

Campos explained that
the decision should emerge before November, when studies ordered by the Ministry
of Mines and Energy, and carried out by a commission appointed specifically
for this purpose, will be concluded.

According to the Minister,
the continuation of Brazil’s Nuclear Program, which in its initial form envisioned
a total of seven nuclear energy plants, some of them in the Northeast region
of the country, also depends upon the decision over the construction of the
Angra plant.

"This issue of continuing
the nuclear program is being studied by the federal government, which ordered
studies for this purpose. This decision is linked to the need for alternative
energy sources, especially now with this matter of the rekindling of the petroleum
crisis."


Nádia Faggiani works for Agência Brasil (AB), the official
press agency of the Brazilian government. Comments are welcome at lia@radiobras.gov.br

Translated
from the Portuguese by David Silberstein.

  • Show Comments (0)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

comment *

  • name *

  • email *

  • website *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ads

You May Also Like

World Bank Funds Brazilian Survey on Family Grant Program

Brazil is about to begin its largest ever impact survey of a government program ...

A Sampling of Brazil

The second decade of the 20th Century is represented by the Picasso-influenced modern wave ...

Brazil Exports to Argentina and Europe Are Down, But to China They Are Up

Trade barriers imposed by Argentina on imports in general have resulted in a drop ...

International Passengers in Brazil to Benefit from New Gol-Varig Accord

Brazilian Airline Gol and its own subsidiary Varig entered into an agreement effective September ...

No Indian Candidate, Among 24, Won in Brazil’s October 1st Election

In the elections held on October 1st, in Brazil, five indigenous people ran for ...

Brazil to UN: Abstinence and Fidelity Useless in Fighting AIDS

The false dilemma between prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS have caused unnecessary losses, wasted ...

Family Farms in Brazil Represent 38% of the National Agricultural Production

Brazil’s National Program to Strengthen Family Farming (Pronaf) is expected to benefit approximately 2 ...

All the Papers a Gringo Needs to Live in Brazil

Like many things in Brazil getting documents and checking accounts will depend on the ...

Brazilians Study Arab Religious and Cultural Influence on Brazil

The Arab influence, from decimal numbers to the musical instruments that descend from the ...

More Jobs in Brazil, But Not as Many as in the Early 90s

From 2003 to 2004, the Brazilian labor market absorbed 2.7 million new workers, an ...