The BrasÀlia Declaration, a result of the first Summit of South American – Arab Countries, defended the establishment of the independent Palestinian State, “based on 1967 lines,” which can peacefully coexist with Israel.
“The past is over, we are looking towards the future,” said the President of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, in a press interview, at the end of the Summit.
The Brasília Declaration reiterates support to the United Nations peace efforts related to the increasing tension, military attacks, and terrorism in the Middle East, “which threatens regional and world peace.”
Arab and South American countries claimed “interested parties to focus efforts on supporting a negotiating process based on fundamental principles and norms of the International Law.”
Referring specifically to Iraq, the Summit stressed the importance of no country intervening on another’s internal affairs. In this sense, Heads of State or Government, as well as delegations’ representatives, emphasized the “importance of respecting the unity, sovereignty, and independence of Iraq and not interfering in its internal affairs.”
The Declaration includes the respect to “the will of Iraqi people in deciding freely their future,” as expressed through this year’s January election.
According to the Document, elections in Iraq meant a “major breakthrough towards a peaceful transition of power for establishing a constitutional and federal (if so decided by the Iraqi people) democratic government, along with the completion of the political process.”
Countries who signed the Declaration condemned terrorist operations in Iraq, “which target the civilian, the infra-structure and the democratic process.” They also demand a greater role for the League of Arab States in the reconstruction process of Iraq and its institutions.
Sanctions imposed on Syria, which is considered by the United States as one of the “Axis of Evil” countries, are also included in the Brasília Declaration.
Arab and South American representatives expressed “deep concern with regard to unilateral sanctions imposed on Syria by the government of the United States of America.”
The Declaration adds that such measure violates International Law principles and “constitutes a transgression against the objectives and principles of the United Nations thereby establishing a serious precedent as regards dealing with independent states.”