Daniel Kaufmann, director of Global Programs at the World Bank (IBRD), considers Brazil one of the countries most advanced in the development of mechanisms for the control and delation of corruption.
Kaufmann points to the increased number of auditors, greater transparency in government contracts, and the increased number of civil service exams.
“What makes institutions improve is for citizens to participate in all the processes. Moreover, countries that have depoliticized public servants do better in analyses of anti-corruption campaigns,” he argues.
He also praised the performance of Lula’s Administration in this respect. “The current Brazilian Administration is one of the most advanced in the development of mechanisms for the control and delation of these crimes.”
Kaufmann also reported the results of a World Bank study presented at the World Economic Forum this January, relating a country’s average income to its level of corruption. The study was conducted with business leaders from Latin America, Eastern Europe, and Asia.
“The study demonstrated that, despite their macroeconomic stability, the level of corruption in these places remains high. I would also note that the influence between the degree of governmental corruption and the per capita income of the population operates in a single direction. When control of corruption improves, income rises. But it doesn’t work the other way.”
Kaufmann participated in the 4th Global Forum to Combat Corruption, which ends today. Representatives of over one hundred countries gathered in Brasília to discuss effective means to prevent and fight corruption.