Brazil Votes for Mayor and City Council This Sunday

On October 3, 2004, more than 115 million Brazilian voters in 5,562 municipalities will cast their ballots for mayor and city councillors in elections that are totally computerized.

The vote is mandatory in Brazil for everyone between the ages of 18 and 70. For individuals between 16 and 18 and those over 70, voting is voluntary. Elections, either general or municipal, are held in Brazil every two years.


General elections occur every four years. Each citizen casts votes for President, senators, federal deputies, state or district deputies, and governor.


In the elections for President, governor, and senators, majority rule applies, victory going to the candidate (or candidates, which sometimes the case in Senate elections) who obtains the largest number of votes.


Deputies, however, are elected by proportional voting. In this system, each party adds up its vote total and is assigned a corresponding proportional share of seats.


Within each party, the seats are distributed to the candidates with the largest number of votes relative to other candidates on the same party list, regardless of the absolute number of votes received.


An example is what happened in the 2004 elections in São Paulo. Enéas Carneiro, who ran for one of the state’s 46 seats in the Federal Chamber of Deputies, received over 1.5 million votes, guaranteeing five seats for his party, the Prona (National Order Reconstruction Party), because the votes didn’t go directly to him but to his party.


Other Prona candidates, even though they received fewer than one thousand votes, were also elected, whereas other parties’ candidates whose vote count was thousands of votes higher were not elected.


Municipal Elections


Municipal elections also occur once every four years, but they are held two years after general elections. In this case, mayors and city councillors are selected in every Brazilian municipality.


The mayors are elected by majority vote, and the city councillors are chosen by proportional voting.


24 of the 5,562 municipalities in which elections will take place in 2004 have only a single mayoral candidate, who will be competing against blank and invalid votes.


If the candidate does not attain a majority (50% + 1) of the votes, the appropriate Regional Electoral Court (TRE) will set a date for a new election.


Agência Brasil
Translator: David Silberstein

Tags:

  • Show Comments (0)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

comment *

  • name *

  • email *

  • website *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Ads

You May Also Like

Brazil Investigates Ring Behind Death of American Nun

The landowner, Vitalmiro Bastos de Moura, arrested on Sunday, March 27, may not be ...

Word Mangler

My colleagues run for their office when I arrive and the coffee area empties ...

Who Killed Janjão?

What helped us was no magnanimous, humanitarian feeling from local authorities. No respect for ...

For Brazilian President, Obama’s Victory Would Be Spark of Joy to the World

The President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, said that if American senator ...

Brazil Wants to Ban Racism from Sports Fields

The Brazilian government will urge sports officials in Brazil and around the world to ...

Brazil’s Most Important Shoe Fair Hopes to Sell More Overseas

Francal, Latin America's largest shoe fair, due to start next Tuesday, July 10, in ...

Arabists Gather in Rio to Promote Arab Studies in Brazil

Brazilian and Portuguese scholars of Arabic language and literature and Arab history are getting ...

35 Indians Prosecuted in Brazil for Invading and Destroying Properties

Thirty-five leaders of the Xukuru people are being prosecuted for having reacted to the ...

UN Chief Visits Brazilian Amazon and Calls It Planet’s Common Asset

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon concluded today the South American phase of his latest ...

UK’s Flybe Gets Up to 26 Brazilian Embraer Jets, a US$ 870 Million Deal

Flybe, one of Europe’s leading low-cost airlines, today announced an agreement with Embraer for ...