Racism Can’t Be Banned by Decree, Brazil Finds Out

A recently completed study by the economist Marcelo Paixão, professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil, shows that the Human Development Index (HDI) for the white population exceeds that of the black population in nearly all Brazilian municipalities.

The HDI is an indicator measuring the conditions of human development and promotion among countries.

Based on information from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics’ (IBGE) 2000 Census, the researcher calculated the HDI for whites in 5,202 of Brazil’s 5,507 municipalities and concluded that the index is high (between 0.8 and 1) in 1,591 cities. The reality for blacks is different, Paixão observed in an interview with the Agência Brasil.

The HDI for blacks was calculated for 4,605 cities. In only seven of these cities does the black population display a high HDI: São Caetano do Sul (São Paulo state), Mozarlândia (Goiás), Rio Quente (Goiás), Brasí­lia (Federal District), Goiânia (Goiás), Cláudia (Mato Grosso), and Vitória (Espí­rito Santo).

HDI scores range from 0 to 1. The closer to 1, the professor explains, the better the quality of life in the municipality. Where living standards are high, the HDI varies from 0.8 to 1. Where they are low, the index is less than 0.5. Scores of 0.5-0.6 are classified as medium-low; 0.6-0.7, as medium; and 0.7-0.8, as medium-high.

The study reveals that the HDI for blacks exceeds that of whites in only 13 Brazilian cities. All of them are classified as medium or medium-low in human development and are located in the North and Northeast regions. The study took into account the following indicators: illiteracy rate, level of schooling of the population aged 15 or more, and per capita income.

According to the professor, the results demonstrate the extent of racial inequality in Brazil, whether it be in the capitals or small municipalities. They also suggest that governmental policies are inadequate to overcome racial inequality in the country.

"The study reveals that racial inequalities exist all over, in large, medium, and small municipalities in Brazil. The country’s leaders remain timid in their actions on behalf of inclusion. There is a historical resistance to the implantation of these policies for the country’s mulatto and black population," Paixão affirmed.

To overcome the inequalities, the researcher calls for more reflection on how to shape policies of inclusion. In his view, the more the problem of exclusion is discussed, the greater the efficacy in achieving the objective of eliminating it.

According to the study, the municipalities with the lowest HDI for blacks are: Traipu (Alagoas state) – 0,49, Manari (Pernambuco) – 0.50, Jordão (Acre) – 0.511, Guaribas (Piauí­) – 0.519, and Canapi (Alagoas) – 0.521.

Agência Brasil

Tags:

Ads

You May Also Like

Dilma Rousseff Clings to Presidency Appealing to Mercosur to Suspend Brazil

In a speech before the United Nations on April 22, Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff ...

Lack of Hygiene in Hospitals in Brasília Kills 22 People

After the death of four more people victims of the KPC superbacteria in Brazil’s ...

Brazilian Doctor Is Charged with Manslaughter in the US and May Get 20 Years in Jail

The Brazilian doctor Luiz Carlos Ribeiro, 49, and his wife Ana Maria Miranda Ribeiro, ...

Brazil’s Labor Minister Boasts Country Is Starting Year at Full Power

Figures disclosed by Brazil’s General Records Office for Employment and Unemployment (Caged) show that ...

Elin, Swedish Voice & Brazilian Soul

This versatile multilingual vocalist was born in Sweden, but you would never know it ...

Brazil’s Stock Market Starts Carbon Credits Sale

The Spanish multinational energy company, Endesa, inaugurated a mechanism that makes it the first ...

Brazil Sets Mission to Assist Brazilian Victims of Katrina

Brazil’s Ambassador Carlos Alberto Pimentel was named by the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Relations ...

Brazil Finds Out that Strengthening Trading Companies Is Good for Country

Launched in April by the Brazilian Export and Investment Promotion Agency (Apex) the Trading ...

Green Years

They threw me in a cell with eight other people: two homosexuals, one of ...

The Key to Brazil’s Future: Abolishing Political Corruption

There is a sad expression about Brazil that roughly translates: “Brazil is the land ...