1.44%: First Quarter Inflation in Brazil. Thanks to Cheaper Food.

Brazil’s Broad Consumer Price Index (IPCA) registered 0.43% in March, very close to February’s 0.41% rate, according to the figures announced this Friday, April 7, by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

This result puts the cumulative inflation index for the first quarter of the year at 1.44%, which is still less than the 1.79% tallied in the first quarter of 2005. The IPCA is used by the government to set its inflation targets.

According to the IBGE, the increment in inflation in March was due to fuel prices, which rose 4.97%. Gasoline increased 2.78%, while alcohol was up 12.85%. During the period from January to March, gasoline prices rose 4.60%, while the price of alcohol jumped 27.54%.

Cooking gas also was more expensive in March. The average increase amounted to 1.22%, but in the metropolitan areas of Recife and Salvador, the increase was substantially greater (6.26% and 2.35%, respectively).

Last month consumers also had to pay more for housing (0.58%), in consequence of the 1.84% average hike in water and sewage bills. The increase in this segment attained 13.16% in Brasí­lia and 8.97% in Belo Horizonte.

Food prices, on the other hand, continued on their downward path. The rate in February was -0.28% and -0.24% in March. The biggest decrease (-12.15%) was in the price of chicken, thanks to abundant supplies.

Inflation was highest in Brasí­lia (0.75%) and lowest in Rio de Janeiro (0.18%). In the 12 months ending in March, the IPCA rose 5.32%, less than the 5.51% registered in the previous 12-month interval, which ended in February. In March, 2005, the IPCA increased 0.61%.

The IPCA is based on the expenses of families whose monthly income does not exceed the equivalent of 40 minimum wages.(R$ 12 mil or US$ 5,634)

The data are gathered in the metropolitan areas of Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Recife, Fortaleza, Belém, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba, and Porto Alegre, as well as Brasí­lia and Goiânia.

Agência Brasil


You May Also Like

Group Gathered in Brazil Wraps Up Bank Created to Counter US Influence

Brazil and six other South American countries agreed to establish Banco del Sur (Bank ...

Brazilian Press: Lolita to the Rescue

Advertisers don’t want circulation but money to ensure their survival. The middle or upper-middle ...

Mike, the robot created by Brazil's FEI students

Brazil Holds Fair to Promote Robots in Industry and Schools

The International Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Fair, which will start tomorrow, April 11, at ...

Bus and Education Push Brazilian Inflation Up

Brazil’s Broad Consumer Price Index (IPCA) rose 0.41% in February, less than the 0.59% ...

Brazil’s Domestic Market Picks Up Strength

Job openings in the Brazilian industry increased 0.88% in August, in comparison with July, ...

Lack of Capital for Rural Producers Cuts Jobs in Brazil

The Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture (CNA) called attention last week to the decline in ...

Public Works and Poor Aid Return Lula to First in Line for Presidency

Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s popularity has bounced back from a corruption ...

Brazil Has Already Exported 25% More than in 2004

Through the first week of April, Brazil’s exports in 2005 totaled US$ 25.039 billion. ...

Brazil and Egypt Talk Science and Education Projects

Brazil’s Minister of Science and Technology, Sérgio Rezende, has begun a five-day visit to ...

Brazil Declares Delaware a Tax Haven. Nevada and Wyoming Might Be Next

On June 23, 2008, Brazil’s Congress published Law 11,727/2008, which, effective as of January ...