Brazil Blames Dengue Outbreak on Careless Population

Stagnant water, a mosquito breeder Brazilian authorities are blaming the population for an outbreak of dengue fever in Rio de Janeiro. People are not taking the needed precautions, says colonel José Sant'Ana Mateus, director of the Rio de Janeiro state's Civil Defense department.

Rio has put 600 men on the streets this Monday, March 24, looking for stagnant water where the Aedes aegypti mosquito that causes the disease thrives.

This last weekend Brazil's defense ministry informed that the military will help fight the problem. Dengue has already killed 49 people and made more than 30,000 ill this year in Rio.
Public hospitals in the northern and western districts of the city were overwhelmed by the number of patients seeking treatment at the weekend. Many complained about long delays.

The defense ministry said Army, Air Force and Navy commanders would propose an action plan to Defense Minister Nelson Jobim on how to combat the disease in the famous beach and port city.

Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile diseases, found in the tropics and Africa, with a geographical spread similar to malaria. One major difference, however, is that malaria is often eradicated in major cities, whereas dengue is often found in urban areas of developed tropical nations, including Singapore, Taiwan, Indonesia, and Brazil.

Caused by one of four closely related virus serotypes of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae, each serotype is sufficiently different that there is no cross-protection and epidemics caused by multiple serotypes (hyperendemicity) can occur.

Dengue is transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which feeds during the day. There is no vaccine or drug to treat it.

During the first months of 2007, over 16,000 cases have been reported in Paraguay and in the end of the year, more than 100.000, of which around 300 or 400 have been detected as DHF cases. Ten deaths have also been reported, including a high ranking member of the Ministry of Health.

The disease has propagated to Argentina by people who recently arrived from Paraguay. In the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, which borders on Paraguay, the number of cases in March 2007 is estimated to be more than 45,000.

Epidemics in the states of Ceará, Pará, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro have taken the Brazilian national tally of cases to over 70,000.. Larvae have also been found in Paraná state. The proportion of cases registered as DHF is reported to be higher than in previous years.



  • Show Comments (6)

  • jenny salomon

    Cure for Dengue fever
    I would like to share this interesting discovery from a classmate’s son who
    has just recovered from dengue fever. Apparently, his son was in the
    critical stage at the SJMC ICU when his blood platelet counts drops to 15
    after 15 liters of blood transfusion. His father was so worried that he
    seeks another friend’s recommendation and his son was saved. He confessed to
    me that he give his son raw juice of the papaya leaves. From a pallet count
    of 45 after 20 liters of blood transfusion, and after drinking the raw
    papaya leaf juice, his pallet count jumps instantly to 135. Even the doctors
    and nurses were surprised. After the second day he was discharged. So he
    asks me to pass this good news around.
    Accordingly it is raw papaya leaves, 2pcs just cleaned and pound and

    squeeze with filter cloth. You will only get one tablespoon per leaf.
    So two tablespoon per serving once a day. Do not boil or cook or rinse
    with hot water, it will loose its strength. Only the leafy part and no stem
    or sap. It is very bitter and you have to swallow it like Won Low Kat. But
    it works.
    *Papaya Juice – Cure for Dengue*
    You may have heard this elsewhere but if not I am glad to inform you that
    papaya juice is a natural cure for dengue fever. As dengue fever is rampant
    now, I think it’s good to share this with all.
    A friend of mine had dengue last year. It was a very serious situation
    for her as her platelet count had dropped to 28,000 after 3 days in hospital
    and water has started to fill up her lung. She had difficulty in breathing.
    She was only 32-year old. Doctor says there’s no cure for dengue. We just
    have to wait for her body immune system to build up resistance against
    dengue and fight its own battle. She already had 2 blood transfusion and all
    of us were praying very hard as her platelet continued to drop since the
    first day she was admitted.

    Fortunately her mother-in-law heard that papaya juice would help to reduce
    the fever and got some papaya leaves, pounded them and squeeze the juice out
    for her. The next day, her platelet count started to increase, her fever
    subside. We continued to feed her with papaya juice and she recovered after
    3 days!!! Amazing but it’s true. It’s believed one’s body would be
    overheated when one is down with dengue and that also caused thepatient to
    have fever papaya juice has cooling effect.

    Thus, it helps to reduce the level of heat in one’s body, thus the fever
    will go away. I found that it’s also good when one is having sore throat or
    suffering from heat.

    Please spread the news about this as lately there are many dengue cases.
    It’s great if such natural cure could help to ease the sufferings of

    dengue patients. Furthermore it’s so easily available.
    Blend them and squeeze the juice! It’s simple and miraculously

  • Beenthere

    Been there….
    I had dengue. It really sucks.
    Politics aside, it took forever until I felt normal again. I wouldn’t wish it on anyone.

  • Israel

    Dengue Prevention and Control
    Let me get that straight, the army, air force and navy commanders are the ones proposing measures to combat Dengue? Doesn’t Brazil have Vector Biologists, Entomologists, Environmental Health Officers and Vector Control programmes with professionals who have the knowledge and skills to devise a Dengue intervention?

    I can imagine the armed forces being brought in to lend a hand in breaching difficult to handle neighbourhoods. But that should only be done under the direction of health experts, don’t you think?

    M. Minchington Israel
    Programme Manager
    Vector Control Unit
    British Virgin Islands

  • Paulista

    Completely Agree
    Rio is a piece of sh*t (the population, the government, everything).

    Where else something like this would happen? Hope someone throw a neutron bomb there to clean everything so paulistas can go there and make the place shine.

  • Simpleton

    How Low The Season
    Timing is just right, bring in the MIL boys to cover the special spots located about Rio. Sure they’ll be more than happy to effect penetration in a big way.

    As to “Careless Population”, yes, despite mother-in-laws admonishments, an otherwise terrific father let another of his children, (this one being very young) succumb to the combative forces amassing in the drainageway that flooded them out two years ago and has nearly done so again on several occassions this year with all the torrents. Damb him for being so “Careless” as to not smother everything and everybody in DEET (provided by who or sold where for what price?) or move the hell out (simple, really, could have used the air bed we brought before as a raft and join Forrest out at sea maybe?). Damb her for not bitching effectively, well, maybe no need to do that, she fell to this overwhelming force herself about a week and a half to two weeks ago – ain’t so up in your face and pushy about the subject even now – couldn’t afford the Gatorade. Our luck was when we visited that locale the end of last month we were totally prepared with wipe-on packs to defend ourselves and everyone there for the birthday party as soon as the attacking forces had made a few first round strikes (too late for the little one as she was already showing a fever).

  • João da Silva

    [quote]The defense ministry said Army, Air Force and Navy commanders would propose an action plan to Defense Minister Nelson Jobim on how to combat the disease in the famous beach and port city.[/quote]

    A good move on the part of Dr.Nelson Jobim and he deserves our kudos for having brought in the armed forces to combat the Dengue carrying mosquitoes. Simultaneously , (he being a lawyer), he should sue the mosquitoes as well as the “Careless Population” of that famous beach and port city for having let Dengue take control of the city.

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