In Brazil’s Energy Matrix Ethanol Surpasses Hydroenergy

Sugarcane crop in Brazil Sugarcane and cane-based ethanol became a more important energy source than hydroelectric power in Brazil's overall energy production last year, topped only by petroleum and oil products according to a report from the government's energy planning agency, EPE.

Sugar cane had a 16% share in the country's energy matrix while hydroelectric power dams were left behind with a 14.7% share. Oil and derivatives represented 36.7%, down from 37.8% in 2006. The rest of the matrix is made up of wood and coal, 12%; natural gas 9.6% and mineral coal, 6%.

Non renewable energy sources dropped from 55.1% in 2006 to 53.6% while renewable energy rose from 44.9% to 46.4%.

"It's a historic year in that sense, it's an irreversible trend," EPE President MaurΓ­Β­cio Tolmasquim told reporters.

He attributed the growing role of sugar cane to booming demand for ethanol as a motor fuel, but expected more cane and ethanol to be used for electricity generation as well. Brazil is a world leader in biofuels with decades of valuable expertise in using ethanol in cars.

In February 2007, the consumption of ethanol surpassed that of gasoline for the first time in two decades. The trend is driven by a drop in ethanol prices and huge sales of flex-fuel cars that can run on ethanol, gasoline or any mix of the two.

Hydrous ethanol consumption jumped 46% last year to 10.4 billion liters, while the usage of anhydrous ethanol that is mostly blended into gasoline sold in Brazil rose nearly 20% to 6.2 billion liters. At the same time, gasoline consumption in the country dipped almost 4% to 18 billion liters, according to EPE.

Tolmasquim said it was important that Latin America's largest country was self-sufficient in the three main sources of energy, including oil. Brazil met its oil needs with domestic output for the first time in 2006.

It still needs to import some light crude to mix with heavy local crude for refining, but it also exports heavy oil. Last year's exports totaled an average of 421,000 barrels per day and imports stood at 418,000 bpd.

Brazil together with United States leads the world's production of ethanol, a green alternative for oil. However the US ethanol is made out mainly out of corn.



  • Show Comments (4)

  • Your worse nightmare

    Dammmmm …I missed your qualifications again CH.c.!!!
    Could you please indicate all your qualifications on subject matter. That would in turn eliminate all the especulation about you being “Mr. IDIOT” The idiot of the idiots!!! The flaming racist moron un-educated and un-qualified that ( I know) you are!!! I also know that you are in brazil right now and we might have mutual friends… “smart” friend there is… un-like you.So watch your back baby! πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ You would make GREAT FURTILIZER! πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰

  • ..

    [quote]In my view…..either you have a bug in your competitive costs software…..or you were/are cheating as usual….or you are idiots ! Or the 3 at the same time.[/quote]

    You view is not important to 69.3% of the Brasilian population that supports and endorses the policies set by our President regarding “Energy”. Remember that we have our smart minister LobΓ€Ζ’Β£o who is advising our President about alternative sources of energy. These people never cheat nor are idiots.It is all your imagination and unnecessary bad mouthing of our nationΓ€β€šΒ΄s leaders.

  • ch.c.

    the increased use of ethanol and the decreased consumption of gasoline is quite….NORMAL…..since you changed THE MANDATORY MIX FROM 20 TO 25 % !!!!!!

    Therefore it was NOT a user choice !

    And despite your assurance and pretention that ethanol was already comoetitive in 2005, ethanol prices continued to plummet since 2005 while oil price tripled.
    And still not comopetitive !

    In my view…..either you have a bug in your competitive costs software…..or you were/are cheating as usual….or you are idiots ! Or the 3 at the same time.

    Finally Brazil is so much oil/oil equivalent independent….but still have a higher pump prices than the most addicted importers…….the USA !!!!!

    If one smart Brazilian can name and spell a country on earth that is oil self sufficient and has a similar or higher pump prices than Brazil….I wish that country is written down !!!!!!

    πŸ˜€ πŸ˜‰

  • ch.c.

    INTERESTING…to note…..
    …..that Brazil may have a shortage of electricity in the not too distant future due to lack of investments in hydro power.
    And to my knowledge ethanol is neither good nor competitive to produce electricity…against hydro electricity.

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