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Brazil Shows Arabs How to Sell More Oil by Buying Brazilian Ethanol

An ethanol station in Brazil Promoting ethanol on the international level has been an integral part of the Brazilian foreign policy. And it was no different during the two-day visit of foreign minister Celso Amorim to Algeria early this week. Even though Algeria is a large oil and gas producer and exporter, the Brazilian minister advertised the product to the high-level officials he met with.

The theory is that oil-producing countries need not fear alcohol as a competitor, but rather regard it as a complementary fuel. In the case of Algeria, for instance, if the country would decide to mix ethanol into the gasoline sold in the domestic market, as Brazil does, then it would supposedly free more oil for exports, which would constitute an advantage, as the price of the commodity is sky-high.

It is worth noting that the two countries already sustain some exchange agreements in the area of fuels. For some years now, Petrobras and its Algerian counterpart, Sonatrach, have been studying a partnership in the field of liquefied natural gas, a technology over which Algeria has full command.

If the Arabs will actually show interest in importing ethanol remains to be known, but the fact is that they are already seeking alternative energy sources in order to save more oil for exports.

The countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), for example, have announced heavy investment in the area, as theirs' is the region of the world where fossil fuel consumption grows the most. Petroleum consumption increases at an annual rate of 17% in the Gulf, as against a global average of 4.5%.

For the time being, they seek to use sources such as solar and wind power to supply their cities with electricity, but the logic is the same: the less petroleum and gas they use for themselves, the more one of their most precious export products will last.

In Bahrain

AfroReggae, Instituto Sou da Paz, Criança Esperança, and Programa Escola Aberta. These four Brazilian social projects were the highlights of a meeting organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), last week in Bahrain, in the Arabian Gulf, that brought together more than 100 specialists and youths from all over the world to debate on how to protect the youth from contexts of violence and radicalism.

The work carried out in Brazil was presented by UNESCO as a worldwide reference in terms of fighting violence and social inequality among young people.

Established in 1993, the AfroReggae group has counted on UNESCO's support for eight years now for its work in conflict mediation. The Programa Escola Aberta ("Open School program") was created under a technical cooperation agreement between the Ministry of Education and UNESCO. It aims to contribute to the improvement of educational quality and to promote social inclusion by strengthening relations between schools and communities.

In turn, project Criança Esperança ("Child Hope") has been promoted by the Globo television network for 20 years now, a period during which the organization collected over 143 million reais (US$ 89.1 million), invested in more than 4,800 social projects in Brazil.

Within the scope of the project, UNESCO provides a technical and financial follow-up to the Child Hope Spaces ("Espaços Criança Esperança" – ECE), organized by Instituto Sou da Paz, an institute turned to the promotion of peace.

Jobs

In spite of increased inflation, higher interest rates and a more turbulent international scenario, job generation in Brazil will not be affected. Such was the conclusion reached by market technicians at the Institute of Applied Economic Research (Ipea), after assessing Brazilian labor market trends over the last 24 months.

"The creation of new job positions should remain at significant levels," claims Lauro Ramos, coordinator of the institute's Labor Market Bulletin, in print for 12 years now.

Belief that the turbulence in the world economy should not interfere with the creation of new jobs in Brazil is backed by the fact that the creation of new employment opportunities in different sectors and regions of the country is determined by domestic demand.

The assessment of the Ipea technicians was made based on data from the General Records Office for Employment and Unemployment (Caged), disclosed by the Ministry of Labour, upon announcing a record-high number of new formal employment positions, which exceeded one million during the year.

Perfect Wedding

US$ 342,500. The value resulted from a perfect wedding that took place between the months of January and April this year. The amount pertains to revenues from sales by the clothing industry in the southeastern Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro to the United Arab Emirates. Rio is determined to manufacture a more expensive, more luxurious, more exclusive, higher value-added type of fashion.

And the shopping centers in the Emirates, especially those in Dubai, are precisely looking for those types of products. Those who own the petroleum want the good stuff. The Emirates paid US$ 290.31 per kilogram of clothing purchased from Rio up until April. It was the highest revenue from exports obtained by the state during the period. The figures were supplied by the Federation of Industries of the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Yellow Woodpecker

Forget about magicians. The Brazilian writer that Brazilians admire the most is Monteiro Lobato, author of the children's and juvenile books that gave birth to the Sí­tio do Picapau Amarelo (Yellow Woodpecker Ranch), mandatory reading for the kids for many generations now.

The Sí­tio, which became even better known after it become a TV show, is also singled out as the second most important book in the life of Brazilians (even though it is a set of books). It is second only to the Bible.

The survey, entitled "Portraits of Reading in Brazil" and published toward the end of May, was conducted by request of Instituto Pró-Livro, an organization that gathers publishing houses, book sellers and others interested in encouraging reading in Brazil. Over 5,000 people aged above five were heard.

This was the second edition of the survey. The first survey was held in 2001. The aim is to gain greater knowledge of who are the Brazilians that read and what they have been reading. The information would then be used not only by the publishing market, but also for the creation of public policies for the educational field.

Right after Monteiro Lobato, Paulo Coelho ranks as the second most admired Brazilian writer. Then come Jorge Amado, Machado de Assis, and Viní­cius de Moraes.

Last year, on the occasion of the 125th anniversary of Lobato, a native of the city of Taubaté, in the interior of the state of São Paulo, publishing house Editora Globo started to re-launch his complete works.

They total 56 books, 31 of which are turned to children and youths, and 25 target adults. José Bento Monteiro Lobato died sixty years ago, in July 1948, but his characters Emí­lia, Dona Benta, Pedrinho, Narizinho and other inhabitants at the most famous Ranch in Brazil remain alive in the country's collective memory.

Prodigal Tourists

Foreign tourists are spending more during their stays in Brazil. In May this year, for example, US$ 426 million entered the Brazilian economy by means of foreign tourist expenditures. According to the Central Bank, the amount is 13.88% greater than the US$ 364 million recorded in the same month of 2007.

The forecast is that by December this year, international tourism should generate revenues of US$ 5.8 billion for the country. Accumulated revenues so far this year total US$ 2.473 billion – a performance 18.07% better than recorded in the same period of 2007 (US$ 2.094 billion) and roughly equivalent to the result for the whole of 2003, when foreign tourist expenditures in Brazil reached US$ 2.479 billion.

Fertile Monopoly

An analysis of the fertilizer industry in Brazil shows that production of the raw material is concentrated in the hands of a reduced number of companies. In many cases, a single group controls 100% of production.

A study elaborated by Ali Aldersi Saab and Ricardo de Almeida Paula, of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, shows that the Bunge/Fosfértil Group answers to the production of approximately 76% of Phosphate Rock, 69% of Sulphuric Acid, 97.5% of Phosphoric Acid, 100% of Ammonium Nitrate, 100% of Diammonium Phosphate (DAP), 96% of Ammonium Phosphate, 94% of Triple Superphosphate, 70% of Simple Superphosphate in the Midwest and, along with Petrobras, it holds 100% of the Anhydrous Ammonia production.

The Vale do Rio Doce Company holds 100% of Potassium Chloride production.

You can contact the author writing to joel.guimaraes@anba.com.br or joel@agenciameios.com.br.

Anba

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  • Show Comments (11)

  • dnbaiacu

    WoW!
    You Go Ch.c!
    He needs to be given credit on his research. I am awaiting Saeeds response. 😉

  • dnbaiacu

    Tasbihsazan
    As you will soon learn , you can only take 75% of what is written in most of these articles seriously. ;-)You MUST have a sense of humor while reading many of the articles. Humor and tough skin while reading the comments on the threads.
    Take it easy and enjoy!
    🙂

  • Saeed Tasbihsazan

    “It happens that the name…… Arabian Gulf….is a definition made by ARABS themselves !!!!!!!!!!!! “
    Thank you Ch.C for pointing out the obvious. Clearly no one here or anywhere else thought that the incorrect terminology has been invented by the Persians or you or anyone else but some fundamentalist/pan-nationalist/ignorant Arabs. In no where in my post I pointed the finger at anyone, group or nation as the source of this misrepresentation and so I do not see where I am “dead wrong”. I certainly did not blame Brazilians for this either. Finally, my dear friend, I am Persian not an Arab. Persians are from a different race and background to arabs. Perhaps a level of ignorance has been displayed by no other than you yourself suggesting my nationality to be otherwise.

    Also, to our other blogger. In Persian we refer to Brazil as “berezil”. Would it be right of us to go around the world and rename your country to Berezil. How would that impact all the literature and history that refernces Brazil. What if someone who had no idea about Brazil wanted to do some research on it and google-ed berezil?

    Finally, Ch.C’s research is nothig more than a simple google and wholla, wikipedia 😉
    One should be smart enough to include the actual references (in the [#] format) when copying/pasting articles from Wiki

    Best Regards,
    Saeed Tasbihsazan

  • João da Silva

    dnbaiacu
    [quote]You Go Ch.c! [/quote]

    You becoming a cheerleader for Ch.c? 😉

  • Osvaldo Coelho

    Is Ch. c the village idiot?
    Is it more accurate to call Ch. c the village idiot? or should we call this besta pe no saco?

  • ch.c.

    Ch.c, who is a very highly controversial one. ????????
    Sorry……but just re-read the fact that those naming the Persian Gulf as Arabian Gulf are Arabs !
    Therefore regardless of what the U.N. says, if Arabs themselves are naming this gulf as Arabian Gulf, I see no reason why non Arabs CANNOT call it the same name as Arabs do.

    I do not see where I am controversial.
    But I do see the Arabs controversion. Are they the only ones allowed to name that gulf as Arabian Gulf ????

  • João da Silva

    [quote]To His Highness Saeed Tasbihsazan ! You are DEAD WRONG !!!!!![/quote]

    Dear Saeed,

    Please do not mind this blogger Ch.c, who is a very highly controversial one. When our fellow blogger “dnbaiacu” said the following thing, he was absolutely correct:

    [quote]Humor and tough skin while reading the comments on the threads.
    Take it easy and enjoy! [/quote]

    Ch.c: I did not know you could read and write Arabic so well and all the more impressed that you do remember Gamal Abdel Nasser! 😀

  • ch.c.

    To His Highness Saeed Tasbihsazan ! You are DEAD WRONG !!!!!!
    It happens that the name…… Arabian Gulf….is a definition made by ARABS themselves !!!!!!!!!!!!

    “Since the 1960s with the rise of Arab nationalism (Pan-Arabism), starting with Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Arab Republic of Egypt, some Arab countries, including the ones bordering the Persian Gulf, have adopted the term “Arabian Gulf” (in Arabic: À˜§À™„À˜®À™„À›ŒÀ˜¬ À˜§À™„À˜¹À˜±À˜¨À™Å  al-khalÀ„«j al-ÀŠ¿arabÀ„«) to refer to the waterway.[6] This is controversial and not commonly used outside of the Arab world, nor is it recognized by the United Nations[7][8][9] and other international organizations. The United Nations on many occasions has requested that only “Persian Gulf” be used as the official and standard geographical designation for the body of water.[10] “Arabian Gulf” is also an ancient name for the Red Sea.[11] Hecataeus (472 to 509 B.C.) can be stated where Persian Gulf and Arabian Gulf (Red Sea) have been clearly shown. Also a map has remained from Herodotus, the great Greek historian (425-484 B.C.) which introduces Red Sea as the Arabian Gulf.[12]

    Thus the source of the misrepresentation is from ARABS themselves !

    I feel Sorry for your ignorance !

  • ch.c.

    “Brazil Shows Arabs How to Sell More Oil by Buying Brazilian Ethanol ”
    Why Brazil doesnt do it….FIRST ????
    Just increase the mandatory minimum mixture from 25 % to 30 or 35 % !

    I know that is too difficult to understand for Brazilian brains….with ONE feijado !

  • João da Silva

    Tasbihsazan
    Mr.Tasbihsazan: Our fellow blogger “Dnbaicu” is right about the articles and the comments!

    In Portuguese which is the official language of Brazil, the Persian Gulf is referred to as “Golfo PÀƒ©rsico”. I have never heard a native English speaker using the word “Arabian Gulf”. I don’t know how the reporter who wrote this article came to use “Arabian Gulf”!!

    If I were you, I would not pay any attention to this gross error. We, the regular bloggers know about Persian Gulf. Please do participate in the blog and correct the “reporters”!!!

  • Saeed Tasbihsazan

    Dear Editors,

    In regards to this article may I respectfully emphasize that the geographical location referred to as the “arabian gulf”, has been known to the entire civilized world for over 2 millennia only as the “Persian Gulf” and any other reference to the contrary is inaccurate and under present international laws illegal.

    The following are links to the United Nations Geographical maps of the world and the Persian Gulf region. Please take time to view them and notice that the UN refers to this body of water as the Persian Gulf.

    http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/iran.pdf
    http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/maplib/docs/escwa.pdf
    http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/qatar.pdf

    Most importantly, the United Nations with 22 Arab member states has on two occasions officially declared the name of the waterway to the south of Iran as the Persian Gulf. The first announcement was made through the document UNAD, 311/Qen on March 5, 1971, and the second was UNLA 45.8.2 section C, on August 10, 1984. Persian Gulf is also the recognized name by the British Permanent Committee on Geographical Names (PCGN).

    I’ve submitted the above links in order to support this position and clear any confusion as to what to call the Persian Gulf. I also hope this has been only an unfortunate oversight and that it will be corrected immediately. I look forward to your reply and thank you for your attention to this important matter.

    Please contact me if you need more information with regards to this topic.

    Sincere Regards
    Saeed Tasbihsazan

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