The article in the New York Times on President Luiz Inácio Lula
da Silva is defective. Third-class journalism. It is not at the level of the
professional who signed it, nor of the great newspaper that published. Even
the reporter/fraudster Jayson Blair would be more cautious and less scandalous
in talking of the private life of a citizeneven if he were not the President
To begin with, reporter
Larry Rohter erred in dimensions and in emphasis: Lula's habits are not a
"national concern" because he never made a secret of the fact that
he likes a drink. The photo used to illustrate the article (beer stein in
hand, at Oktoberfest of last year, in Blumenau, state of Santa Catariana)
shows a happy person, relaxed, one who has no problems being photographed
with a cold one.
We need to remember that
not only the marketer Duda Mendonça, but also Lula da Silva himself,
the President elect, did not hide the very expensive bottle of wine that the
former offered his client on the occasion of his victory in the first round
of the 2002 elections. And so there is no mystery here.
not just because he was a simple metal-worker, but because he is a bon vivantpublicly
admits his pleasures and habits. And perhaps erroneously, he has tried to
take advantage of his friendly and "popular" image.
George W. Bush had problems
with alcoholism in his youth, and so he was obliged to make them public in
his campaign. If he were to appear with a glass in his hand, yes, that would
be a political issue. The alcoholic Boris Yeltsin was, yes, a national concern.
More than this, an international one, because during one of his frequent benders
he could have pushed the wrong button and begun the nuclear holocaust.
If commentaries on the
redness of the presidential cheeks and nose have increased recently in the
political and journalistic circle of the Federal District, this does not make
it especially relevant. Rohter ought to have known that gossip in Brasília
does not always reflect the great questions of national concern. In fact,
this is one of the great national problems.
Secondly, the sources
mentioned in the article do not have the least credibility. Leonel Brizola
is a political enemy of President Lula, and thus suspect. For fifty years
he has been saying whatever comes into his head and we have already paid dearly
for his blustering.
To compare the columnist
Cláudio Humberto with the charlatan Matt Drudge disqualifies any information
from the outset. And if the source is disqualified, its information is therefore
compromised. To use the column by Diogo Mainardi published in Veja
as a reference was another crass error, because the text, in addition to being
opinion, is lacking in any intent to denounce, or even to supply facts
If the New York Times
made a mistakeand it made a major mistake Brazilian newspapers
also erred in their Sunday editions (May 9). The acritical republication,
without any commentary on the errors of the original article confirms everything
that the Observatório da Imprensa has been saying for eight
years. Especially regarding our Sunday editions.
It is inconceivable that
the most important and most prestigious edition of the week should be sent
to press with such haste and by such small teams. The Estado de S. Paulo,
the Folha and the Globo (which published a little article in
the local edition) ought not to be content with reproducing such an important
slam without the proper analytical support.
Even in the Monday editions
(May 10, sent to press on Sunday when the newspaper offices were still working
at half-strength), the bulk of the material offered to the reader was based
on the opinions of the administration, which were obviously indignant.
What was missing was the
other side, the technical support, an x-ray of a precarious and irresponsible
bit of news. The expression imprensa marrom (brown press, yellow press)
mentioned in the official note from the government needed to have been properly
translated, particularly so that it could be understood by the international
pressaccustomed to the yellow press. The suspect character of the sourcesabove
all Leonel Brizola and Cláudio Humbertoought to have been emphasized.
What happened with the
article involving the President of the Republic happens every day in a press
that bureaucratized its capacity to react and its instinct to respond. This
is another example of the dangerous "declaratory journalism" which
permeates and clogs up our editorial offices.
On the first day (Sunday)
it passively reproduced what the NYT said. On the second day, it did
the same with the administration's reaction. And only on the third day (Tuesday)
did "journalistically sound" articles (to use the apt expression
of Eugênio Bucci), which were less factual and more analytical, begin
The problem is not one
of economics and has nothing to do with the crisis afflicting media companies
and the brutal cuts of personal in editorial offices. The "new journalism"
practiced in Brazil is slow, liner and devitalized.
For many years the Sunday
newspapers have been offering this sort of warmed-over and insipid journalism.
They close the edition "no pescoção" on Friday
(meaning they write it in advance for Sunday), and on Saturday, through the
morning and in the afternoon, they update it just a little.
The number of pages can
be ampleas was the case around Mother's Daythey can even be dense
as far as the dimensions of the articles, but they cannot manage to be up
to date. A capital sin, since journalistic excellence is principally measured
by the quickness of its response time.
If in the Sunday issues
the perversity of the NYT had been properly analyzed by the important
Brazilian press, the snowball would already have diminished by Tuesday. Now,
fatally robust, it can continue or even grow until the following weekend with
the inevitable sensationalism contributed by the weeklies which will not overlook
such a tasty dish.
The episode is doubly
sad for the press. A great newspaper like the New York Times, recently
recovered from a crisis in credibility, slips once again. But the newspapers,
which might have contradicted it immediately, showed themselves to be floundering.
One seems drunk, the others hung over.
Alberto Dines, the author, is a journalist, founder and researcher at LABJORLaboratório
de Estudos Avançados em Jornalismo (Laboratory for Advanced Studies
in Journalism) at UNICAMP (University of Campinas) and editor of the Observatório
da Imprensa. He also writes a column on cultural issues for the Rio
daily Jornal do Brasil. You can reach him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was
originally published in Observatório da Imprensa www.observatoriodaimprensa.com.br.
the Portuguese by Tom Moore. Moore has been fascinated by the language and
culture of Brazil since 1994. He translates from Portuguese, Spanish, French,
Italian and German, and is also active as a musician. He is the librarian
for music, modern languages and media at The College of New Jersey. Comments
welcome at email@example.com.