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Brazil Plan: To Recover Degraded Areas and Double Cattle Population

Brazil's degraded soil
Brazil has a plan to increase agricultural production without the use of new lands. Embrapa, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, says that it intends to work in order to help Brazilian agribusiness recover degraded areas and cultivate places that were considered not usable anymore. 

According to the new president of the institution, Pedro Antonio Arraes Pereira, 80 million hectares (309,000 square miles, an area greater than California a Montana put together) may be salvaged through technology.

Such recovery, by the way, is one of the priorities in Arraes' administration. According to him, two million hectares (equivalent to a state of Massachusetts) have already been recovered in the country.

According to the president of Embrapa, the degraded areas are mostly those used for cattle raising. In many of them, pasture was planted during long periods, as long as 30 years, in soil that was already poor. One of the most viable alternatives, according to Arraes, is crop-cattle-forest integration.

Under this system, one single piece of land receives pasture, with animals, during one period, and grain during another, in addition to forests. "The re-sowing of pasture may be done using maize or rice, thus reducing the pressure on new areas," explains Arraes.

However, according to the president of the Embrapa, the use of these technologies for recovering degraded areas needs to be encouraged. In the case of crop-cattle-forest integration, for instance, farmers who work with cattle raising do not possess the machinery required for working with grain.

"The technology exists, but people must be encouraged to use it," stated Arraes. He believes that by recovering degraded pastures, it will be possible to double the Brazilian herd.

The president of the Embrapa made his statement this August 24 at a press conference in the capital of the state of SΓ£o Paulo. He also mentioned another concern – and priority – of the research institution, which is the Brazilian dependence on imported fertilizers. Presently, 70% of the fertilizer used in the country, particularly phosphate and potassium, come from abroad.

The Embrapa is going to work to increase the rate of absorption of fertilizers by plants. Currently, according to him, they absorb 50% on average. Another action of Embrapa's should be to seek new raw materials for fertilizer manufacturing, such as organic matter and residue.

There already are some efforts along those lines underway, for using organic fertilizers, but the major challenges are to produce in large-scale and to make the products economically viable, so that they may compete with the leading brands in the industry.



  • Show Comments (5)

  • ch.c.

    “cows make up a quarter of the world’s pollution through their belching and gaseous releases.”
    Better yet :
    – Brazil has a 200 millions cattle herd
    – Every cattle produce far more pollution than a car
    – Brazil transport most of its grains from farm to port with TRUCKS and for very long distances instead of by rail or barges.
    Therefore their truck fleet for grains is VERY polluting, EVEN MORE SO WHEN ONLY 5 % OF THEIR ROADS ARE PAVED !.
    – Brazil are building 5 new oil refineries so that they could export refined oil product such as gasoline, etc, while at the same time
    the USA has NOT built one oil refinery in the last 30 years due to environmental reasons !

    Ohhhhh and of course the brazilian cattles can take their ease and defecate freely in man made water reservoirs/small lakes !
    And even some of their fed cattles are built VERY CLOSE AND NEXT TO….. A RIVER !!!!!

    Never ever trust a brazilian has to remain a golden rule.

    πŸ˜€ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜€ πŸ˜‰

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  • Joseph

    poor policy
    I doubt the hectares figures in this article. Having said that, overproducing meats will hurt the price of the product and we also know via the latest UN data that cows make up a quarter of the world’s pollution through their belching and gaseous releases. Where is the good in this story? Lowered prices, more pollution, and all for the benefit of the very few.

  • ch.c.

    Wether you increase or reduce your degraded land will not penalize me for sure !

    And yessss….yessssss…. DOUBLE YOUR MEAT PRODUCTION !
    Brazil will get my applauses, sincerely.

    Over production has never made prices going up…..to my knowledge !

    But it will remain that I, personally, PROBABLY NEVER will buy brazilians meats, red or white !
    Why so ?
    Because I like quality meats you DONT provide.
    No doubt that your cousin next door, Argentina provide a much better quality than yours.
    Quite sad they have their worst drought of the last 100 years.
    Sad too that now their cattles are skinny if they did not died !
    Nearly impossible to find their red meat for the time being.

    Their red meat quality is so much better than Yours !

    Brazil just enjoy producing QUANTITY NEVER QUALITY !

    Same as for your low quality coffee by the way !
    World free market prices for Colombian coffee has an approximate 40-50 % PREMIUM PRICE OVER BRAZILIAN COFFEE IF YOU DID NOT KNOW !

    πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜€

  • ch.c.

    “the new president of the institution, Pedro Antonio Arraes Pereira, 80 million hectares ”
    What a lie…what a lie !!!!!!
    Not later than 2008, the Brazilians own estimates for degraded land was 100 millions hectares.
    NOW 80 millions ! Hmmmmm !
    Except that NEVER EVER EVER EVER EVER have we read, including in the Brazilian Medias or heard from the filty Mouths of your government, that in such a short period of time Brazil has RE-graded 20 millions hectares !
    And if it would have beenwas the case, Noooo doubt that Iniaicio and his many gangs would have already UNDERLINED IT LOUDLY TO THE WORLD OVER !

    Hmmmmmm !!!!!!

    And your re-grading or better use of your degraded land, is planned at least twice a year for already more than even
    Iniciao Reign !

    Thus far……WITH NO RESULT…except that your apparent degraded land estimates magically was reduced from 100 millions…to 80 millions !

    The sad truth is that Noooo doubt you have MORE than 100 millions hectares of degraded land.

    Cheaters always cheat, liars always lie, hiders always hide !
    Never ever trust ONE BRAZILIAN….MUST remain a golden rule,,,,,until proven otherwise !

    Proven….just once more !!!!

    πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰ πŸ˜‰

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