Both Lula and Cardoso,
his predecessor, are candidates for Brazil’s
2006 elections. Lula and Cardoso, united by the same economic
model, will fight for the popular vote without a single new
agenda item. All the deceptive promises of change will be worth
nothing. No other alternative seems possible at this point in time.
This is beyond coincidence. We are talking about a real dispute that prognosticates
a collision. President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and former president
Fernando Henrique Cardoso spent the weekend in São Paulo.
Neither one was present
at the confirmation of their respective parties’ mayoral candidates. Cardoso
was not there to offer greetings to José Serra and there was no hug
between Lula and Marta Suplicy. Both men, nevertheless, declared their undivided
support to the nominees.
The President and his
predecessor have communicated their decision to stay away from political rallies.
Soon enough, however, the public will know their preferences. Both Lula and
Fernando Henrique are candidates for the 2006 elections.
One will attempt reelection
and the other will pursue a return to the old nest. This might well be the
reason why they look increasingly similar. Like in the verses of Cervantes,
they remind me of the knights from Granadacavaleiros de Granada,
que alta madrugada, brandindo lança e espada, saíram em louca
disparada. Para quê? Para nada. (In the middle of the night,
brandishing lance and sword, the knights from Granada left on a mad run. What
for? Nothing at all.)
From time to time, Brazil
submerges into periods of stupefaction when everyone seems to be bored to
death, but this is the real thing: Lula and Fernando Henrique will fight for
the popular vote without a single new agenda item.
United by the same economic
model. All the deceptive promises of change will be worth nothing. The people
will not believe it. We will be called on to replace six with half a dozen,
in spite of the deep personal differences between the sociologist and the
For those of us still
hopeful and under the illusory perspective of changes able to halt unemployment,
defeat poverty, stop the flow of our wealth to other countries and suspend
the revelry of bankers, the proposal is a bridge between zero and nothing
Unless, of course, a third
alternative arises, maybe a fourth, and a fifth, which is very doubtful in
the eyes of a lot of people, at least in terms of success. Poor Brazil…
The Death of Socialism
Since the nineties we
have seen tons of books and master degree theses attempting to explain the
end of communism in the former Soviet Union. For some, the original cause
was the weakness shown by Mikhail Gorbachev, accused of digging the grave
of his own homeland.
Others allege the transformation
of socialism into fascism, beginning with the era of Stalin. And there are
those who believe in a conspiracy headed by the Pope and the head of the CIA.
Or could it have been
the economic prevalence of capitalism? Maybe the bankruptcy of controlled
economies? Why not the wearing out of the Soviet population, forced to replace
refrigerators with missiles? The technological advancement of the star wars
trampling over the opposing superpower?
Again Brazil teaches the
world a lesson. It was none of that. Communism went down the drain because
of the stupidity of communists who became unable to understand each other.
This is what is happening
with the PPS (the extreme Left Partido Popular SocialistaPopular Socialist
Party), the old Brazilian Communist Party. It is now a mess. A grouping of
megalomaniacs. Or, to be more cruel and less conciliating, a drove of donkeys.
I will not mention any
names or even recall episodes that are still in the retina of everyone, the
most recent of which took place last week. Keeping the flame of socialism
burning couldn’t be farther away from the mind of the PPS.
They could not care less
about showing that the ideals once predominant in more than half the planet
have not died. Or about building a society with no more hunger, destitution
The older among us still
remember the euphoria of the late fifties and early sixties. Communism had
put the first artificial satellite in the air and the first man in space.
Masses had organized, demanding basic reforms. Even the Church was opening
up to liberation.
The world was marching
toward socialism, and now, what is left? With the exception of the minuscule
PC do B, then a defender of violence and guerrilla war, only the PPS,
who now only has desegregation to show for itself. How should we react to
the sly realization of the elites that socialism has died? Maybe it did die…
The celebration among
the well-drilled media about José Dirceu remaining as Chief of Staff
following the conversation with Lula should have been disclosed with a fixed
term. The correct reading of all this is that Dirceu remains, but only until
the results of the elections are known.
After that, it will be
the inexorable reform of the cabinet according to who won and who lost. It
will be his opportunity to return to his chair in the House and starting stitching
his election as Speaker.
Carlos Chagas writes for the Rio’s daily Tribuna da Imprensa and
is a representative of the Brazilian Press Association, in Brasília.
He welcomes your comments at firstname.lastname@example.org.
by Tereza Braga. Braga is a freelance Portuguese translator and interpreter
based in Dallas. She is an accredited member of the American Translators
Association. Contact: email@example.com.