4% or 146,000 Workers in Brazil’s Mines Are Children

The World Day Against Child Labor, instituted in 2002 upon an initiative of the International Labor Organization (ILO), was commemorated yesterday, June 12, in Brazil.

This year’s theme was the exploitation of children and adolescents who work in mining, considered one of the worst forms of child labor.


According to the IBGE’s (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) 2003 National Household Sample Survey, 145,967 Brazilian children and adolescents between the ages of 5 and 17 were occupied in this area, corresponding to 4% of the workforce in the sector.


Although Brazilian laws prohibit children under 14 from working and, when they are 14-15, only allows them to work as apprentices, exploitation of child labor is still a reality in the country.


Throughout Brazil there are approximately 2.7 million working boys and girls, according to the 2003 National Household Sample Survey (PNAD).


The survey also shows that the number of working children and adolescents decreased 47.5%, from 5.1 million to 2.7 million, between 1995 and 2003.


For the executive secretary of the Ministry of Social Development and Hunger Alleviation, Márcia Lopes, Brazil has cause to commemorate the date.


She underscores the importance of initiatives that have made it possible to reduce the exploitation of child labor and mentions the creation of the Program for the Eradication of Child Labor (Peti) as the main advance.


Launched in 1996, the program currently cares for 930,824 children and adolescents between the ages of 7 and 15.


The secretary says that the number of Peti beneficiaries will reach one million in the coming months. According to Lopes, 2.4 million children have been withdrawn from child labor since the program began.


The Ministry released a study recently on Peti beneficiaries, showing that, in a universe of 568,608 beneficiaries, 43.59% came from agriculture and 12.06%, from street vending.


According to Lopes, the federal government expects to eradicate child labor by the end of 2006.


“Brazil is recognized around the globe, because it is the only country in which the State assumed the responsibility for coordinating actions to eradicate child labor,” she points out.


Agência Brasil

Tags:

You May Also Like

Brazil Experts Betting Key Interest Rate Will Fall 0.75% to 15.75%

Brazil’s annualized benchmark interest rate (SELIC), which currently stands at 16.50%, is expected to ...

Arabian horses in Brazil

Brazil Puts On a Show on Arabian Horses

The city of Sorocaba, in the interior of the state of São Paulo, in ...

Brazil to Have World’s First Robotic-Arm Surgery Controlled by Patient’s Brain

Miguel Nicolelis,  a world-renowned Brazilian neuroscientist will perform the world’s first operation on a ...

Brazilian Exports to Arabs Grow 45% While Average Growth Was 27%

Exports from Brazil to the Arab market grew 45% in February over the same ...

Brazilian Firm in Bid to Build 750-mile Highway in Algeria

Brazilian construction company Andrade Gutierrez is going to participate in tenders for the construction ...

Manhattan Plays Brazil’s Forró

Forró is not only for Brazilians anymore. You can go to your local megastore ...

Half a Million Aboard this Season: Cruise Grows 623% in 8 Years in Brazil

Brazilian tourists by the thousands are enjoying the summer on board beautiful, modern and ...

Brazil’s Presidential Campaign Advisor Resigns Over Spying Charges

An alleged espionage plan to tap information from the opposition presidential candidate José Serra ...

Brazil Vows Better Pay for Teachers

The Brazilian government will invest more resources on education. According to the Minister of ...

Brazil: Pizzaiolo? You Should Mind Your Tongue, Mr. President!

Before he assumed the presidency, President Lula had dinner at my house more than ...