President Bush has left the Summit of the Americas in Mar del Plata, Argentina, as discussions over the summit’s final statement continue hours longer than planned.
Mr. Bush left Saturday for his next stop in Brazil, having stayed three hours extra as the talks dragged on. Members of the U.S. delegation have stayed behind in Mar del Plata to continue negotiations.
The summit’s final statement is expected to discuss poverty and employment. But delegates have clashed over inclusion of a call to renew talks on an inter-American free trade region supported by Mr. Bush.
On the streets of Mar del Plata, city workers are cleaning up debris from anti-Bush protests that turned violent Friday. Police arrested more than 60 people, but said there were no major injuries.
Shock and Anger
Dozens of Argentine business owners returned to a scene of utter destruction in the resort town of Mar del Plata Saturday. A day earlier, protests turned violent blocks away from where President Bush and other leaders were gathered for the 34-nation Summit of the Americas. Local residents, many of whom had feared such an outbreak of violence, are deeply saddened, dismayed and angry.
One day after scores of masked youths went on a rampage near barricades that formed a security perimeter for the Summit of the Americas, business owners and employees were sweeping up huge mounds of broken glass and debris. Inside a bank, blackened by fire, an automated teller machine was barely recognizable, its outer casing melted into an odd shape. Passersby shook their heads in disbelief.
Rotisserie chicken vendor Mario Maurino says he and a younger female employee were trapped inside, when club-wielding youths smashed his store-front windows late Friday.
He says, "It was as if I were Public Enemy Number One – I, who come to work and never take a day off. And I felt completely exposed and unprotected. That was the sensation, and I assure you, it is terrifying to feel alone, completely alone."
Mr. Maurino says he fell victim to vandals and delinquents, and does not believe those who smashed his chicken shop were the same people who marched peacefully against President Bush earlier in the day.
Asked if he blames President Bush in any way for his misfortune, he waves his hand dismissively.
He says, "No, no, not at all. How could Bush be at fault? He had to come [to the summit]."
Instead, Mr. Maurino blames Argentine security forces, who he says were slow to respond to the situation, as well as Argentine officials, whom he described as incompetent. He says the troublemakers had free reign of the streets for more than half-an-hour before police arrived on the scene.
Other merchants have made similar complaints, and a local business group says it will petition Argentina’s government for reparations. Mar del Plata’s mayor has said he will actively support any legal action taken to secure compensation.
The mayhem was concentrated along six city blocks, less than a kilometer away from where leaders at the Summit of the Americas had gathered for a gala dinner. Aside from destroying and looting property, masked assailants hurled rocks and sticks at security forces, who stood their ground behind four-meter high barricades.
Riot police fired tear gas, and eventually cleared the affected area, making dozens of arrests in the process. No life-threatening injuries were reported.
But intense sorrow is felt in this seaside town, Argentina’s number-one domestic tourist destination, known for magnificent beaches, vibrant night life and, until now, tranquil repose. In the middle of Friday’s melee, a distraught pharmacy owner, hoarse from shouting, pleaded with rampaging youths to spare her business.
She said, "Boys, not the pharmacy! This is a pharmacy of Mar del Plata, which has nothing to do [with the summit]. We are all against President Bush, but please do not punish my people, my city." Her plea was in vain.
It’s a Wrap
The 34-nation Summit of the Americas was back in session, on Saturday, November 5, for a second and final day in Mar del Plata, Argentina. The first day of deliberations was marred by violent protests.
The leaders arrived one by one at the summit site on a sparkling, cool morning. It was, in essence, the calm after the storm.
In the streets of the city, workers were sweeping up torched debris and piles of shattered glass. Many local residents shook their heads at the sight, and appeared shocked by the extent of the damage.
The violence broke out Friday, as the summit participants met for their first formal session. After a morning march and afternoon rally attended by tens of thousands of peaceful demonstrators, small groups broke away and challenged security forces.
The rioters threw rocks and Molotov cocktails, set fires and broke windows, as they moved toward the steel barricades that formed a ring around the summit venues.
The security forces responded by firing canisters of tear gas.
There were more than 60 arrests, but no reports of serious injuries.
The demonstrations were originally called to protest Bush administration policies in Iraq and U.S. calls for a free trade zone of the Americas.
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez energized the protesters, telling the rally in a two-hour speech that he planned to bury hopes for a hemispheric trade agreement here in Mar del Plata.
Two other large South American countries, Argentina and Brazil, are lukewarm to the idea. But Mexican President Vicente Fox says 29 of the 34 summit countries want an agreement. He indicates that if there is no consensus at the summit, they may go ahead and launch their own negotiations without the others.