Brazilians have the
lowest self-esteem in Latin America. Only 22
percent of Brazilians say that they trust their countrymen.
Compare this to Uruguay in which the trust is 64 percent,
Colombia (55 percent) and Chile (52 percent). In Brazil, most
people also tend to overvalue everything that’s made overseas.
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, on July 19, inaugurated a campaign
with the theme, "The best thing Brazil has is Brazilians." The campaign
is being sponsored by the ABA (Associação Brasileira de AnunciantesBrazilian
Advertisers Council) with the idea of improving the population’s self-esteem,
which has been somewhat sluggish.
The ABA reports that a
2002 survey by the Sebrae (Serviço de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas
EmpresasSmall Business Administration) found that the main problems
Brazilians have are low self-esteem, coupled with a tendency to overvalue
The ABA also used data
from a survey by Latino Barômetro, a Chilean public opinion institute,
that found that Brazilians have the lowest self-esteem in Latin America, with
only 22 percent of those interviewed saying they trusted their countrymen
(in Uruguay, Colombia and Chile, the numbers were 64 percent, 55 percent and
52 percent, respectively).
In order to give Brazilian
self-esteem a boost, the ABA is counting on an emotional publicity campaign
showing people who overcame obstacles. They will be famous people and unknowns
and their stories will appear on radio, TV, and in newspapers and magazines.
The campaign is to be
entirely a public service operation based on voluntary efforts. Brazil’s main
media groups have already promised to cooperate. The ABA expects the private
sector and government agencies to also join in extolling Brazilian talent,
capabilities and accomplishments.
Fear of unemployment remains
high among Brazilians. Three months ago a CNI/Ibope poll found that 54 percent
of those interviewed thought unemployment would rise. The latest survey at
the end of June has found that 55 percent now think there will be fewer jobs.
However, a breakdown of
the survey shows that among those with higher levels of education and income
there is more optimism than three months ago. The opposite is true among those
with lower education levels and income: they are more pessimistic.
"The view from the
bottom of the social pyramid is worse, at least regarding jobs," explains
Amauri Teixeira, a marketing specialist who analyzed the
With optimism, but also
caution, was the way President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva described
how he felt about the news of record industrial output in May. Production
was up 2.2 percent, the highest since September 2003.
Speaking to the nation
during his fortnightly radio talk, "Breakfast with the President,"
Lula explained that the reason for caution was because his government wanted
"long-term, sustainable growth," not just a good month.
"That is why we have
to be cautious. That is why we are working patiently. That is why we ask the
people to pay attention to what is happening in Brazil," said Lula, adding
that the measures his administration was implementing to ensure sustainable
growth could have been put in place a long time ago.
The President pointed
to more financing for agriculture, especially family farming, and easier credit
access for workers. "Banks are making these loans at low interest rates,
microfinancing is expanding, the BNDES (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento
Econômico e SocialBrazilian Development Bank) has a lot of money
for corporations that want to invest in projects that create growth, jobs
and income distribution," the President declared.
Carolina Pimentel works for Agência Brasil (AB), the official press
agency of the Brazilian government. Comments are welcome at email@example.com.
from the Portuguese by Allen Bennett.