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Brazil to Offer Masters Degree in US, Europe and Africa

Oswaldo Cruz Foundation headquarters in Brazil

Oswaldo Cruz Foundation headquarters in Brazil Brazil's Foundation for Improvement of Higher Education Students (Capes) and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) have just started this Monday, May 28, the first Brazilian Master's degree promoted outside the country.

The post-graduate course in public health, in partnership with Angola, will take place at Agostinho Neto University, in Luanda, Angola.

According to Capes president, Jorge Guimarães, this is the beginning of internationalization of Brazilian post-graduate courses.

According to him, Capes is formatting the masters and doctoral courses with universities in North America, France and Argentina in areas in which Brazil is renowned for scientific leadership, like tropical agriculture, architecture and construction, tropical diseases, animal production, public health and automation.

The Master's group in Angola includes 33 students. Angola was at war for 41 years, from 1961 to 2002. In the past, the country was dominated by countries like Portugal and Holland. Since 1975, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola has been running the country.

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  • jony

    continue with your lesson!
    Visteon do Brasil

    Jomar NapoleÀƒ£o brought the perspective of a Tier 1 supplier, that is, a direct supplier of a vehicle manufacturer on the automotive chain. The first important element is the outsourcing, increasingly common among automobile manufacturers. They are outsourcing to the Tier 1 even some services in the area of engineering. “We have participated in the first phases of the development, and our responsibility over it has increased,” he pointed out.

    Visteon, which specializes on the design of products for the automotive sector, practices “global projects.” For example: today it is leading the development of a new radio for a German car manufacturer, whose name NapoleÀƒ£o cannot say. That radio is a product with global design; thus it must be À¢€œinstallableÀ¢€Â in the manufacturerÀ¢€™s vehicles in different countries. The projectÀ¢€™s leadership and management are with the Brazilian Visteon; Portugal will mount the radio; China is designing the front; and Britain is developing the software. When dividing the tasks, the company looks at the groupsÀ¢€™ competences, and thatÀ¢€™s the criterion for distributing the different tasks. For NapoleÀƒ£o, it is more important to lead the projects of global products than to manufacture them.

    Ruy Quadros closes the forum

    UnicampÀ¢€™s Quadros showed, at the forum closure, a Pintec 2003 table that shows the evolution between 2000 and 2003 of the investments on R&D made by the automotive industry. According to the Pintec, almost 40 percent of the R&D carried out in Brazil takes place in the automotive and aeronautics sectors. Quadros also highlighted the fact that in the sector “thereÀ¢€™s more D than R,” that is, development activities are predominant.

    Quadros pointed out the need for more effective actions to stimulate R&D activities in the area of transports and made suggestions. The first was the promotion of an internal debate about joint work between private companies and research institutions and universities. The second was the mobilization of the representative entities of the automotive industry for the inclusion of their technology activities in the public policies agenda. “The entities need to take a clear standing regarding the importance of research and development in their activities when they discuss public policies,” he urged.

  • jony

    continue
    General Motors do Brasil

    According to Edson Furlan, from 1969 to 2001 GMÀ¢€™s development team basically adapted automobiles to the domestic market. It was in 2001 that its engineering sector gave the first leap forward, when it started to develop derivatives also for the internal market (derivatives are the sedan, hatch and pick-up models for local consumers that derive from models developed at the headquarters). These projects also began to be developed in partnership with other interested countries, as in the case of the S-10 extended cabin pick-up.

    GMÀ¢€™s first totally Brazilian project was the Celta, launched in 2000, which was developed for the domestic market. The first model projected in Brazil for the global market was the Meriva. Now the Brazilian subsidiary is in charge of the project for the new Vectra, which also is sold in Brazil and abroad. According to Furlan, exploring the possibilities for developing new products became possible only when local engineering gained more capacity.

    GM looks for a balance between centralizing and decentralizing its engineering sector. “ItÀ¢€™s important to have the same systems and the same processes as the other engineering centers of the corporation. Nowadays we must be global, but also keep the engineering and the knowledge of the market local,” said Furlan. One of the strategies is to allow the subsidiaries to make adaptations.

    Ford do Brasil

    MÀƒ¡rcio Alfonso explained that the companyÀ¢€™s emphasis is on the domestic market. The development of a new product at Ford begins with the identification of the consumer. “We have to understand the individuals, their tastes. Brazilians place great value on aesthetics, prefer simple, direct language, are avid for novelties, but opt for the most practical solutions and buying something is becoming increasingly a rational action”, he analyzed.

    The perspective is that in a few years BrazilÀ¢€™s population will be considerably older than it is today. “So we have to think of products for five, ten years from now, in making cars for older people, cars whose dashboards are easy to see, cars that are easy to get in and get off, with easy access and manipulation of controls, etc.”, he said. “There are no ergonomic surveys in Brazil. We use surveys from other countries, such as the United States, to calculate weights, space, and so on.”

    Another important point to be considered in the development of a product by Ford is how and where the person uses the vehicle. Besides, road characteristics vary from country to country. “ThatÀ¢€™s why we make tests in the countries that are going to import. Having the vehicle certified is just not enough,” explained Alfonso.

    A practical example: when a model developed in the U. S. enters Brazil, it needs to go through a number of changes, which are the responsibility of the local engineering department. “It needs to be higher, because of the bumps and holes. When you raise the vehicle, you need to work on the format, the air fluxes, to compensate for the loss of performance that happens when you increase the distance between the vehicle and the ground,À¢€Â explained Alfonso.
    The engineering sector is also constantly concerned with new technologies, such as onboard computers, controls on the steering wheel and bi-fueled vehicles. “Although most cars in Brazil are popular, it is estimated that the use of electronic devices has more than doubled in the past five years, and the tendency is of an even bigger growth,À¢€Â, he said.

    Alfonso expressed concern about the formation of human resources in Brazil. “The development process, of designing and projecting a vehicle, is changing, becoming much more detailed, and we are competing against new actors, such as China and India.” He pointed out that Brazil has excellent human material, but the country needs to invest more, to form more people, to offer more courses and to foster partnerships between private companies and entities that form human resources.

  • jony

    continue
    Here are the reports from the four companies:

    Volkswagen do Brasil

    Marcelo Bertocchi spoke of the companyÀ¢€™s experience in the development of vehicles for export. Volkswagen do BrasilÀ¢€™s first exports were made in 1970, with the sale of the models Kombi and Variant to Mexico. Later it exported 170,000 Passats À¢€“ not the model VW produces today under the same name À¢€“ to Iraq (between 1983 and 1988), and 220,000 Voyages to the United States (from 1987 to 1992).

    In 2003, the Brazilian subsidiary took a great step: it exported the first car made in Brazil to Germany, the Polo Sedan. And in 2005 it started to export the Fox to Europe, another significant accomplishment. “The competence of Brazilian engineering was attested in tests and articles of specialized international publications,” said Bertocchi.
    To export the Fox it was necessary to adapt the car to the European requirements regarding engines À¢€“ for instance, they have to run on diesel À¢€“, lights and other items. “And itÀ¢€™s not true that if you comply with the European and U.S. requirements you can sell anywhere,” he said. As an example, he mentioned that some specifications in Saudi Arabia combine European and American criteria, which requires significant changes in the vehicles to which engineers have to develop specific solutions.

    In order to meet the demands of the global market, VWÀ¢€™s projects are what is called À¢€œprepared,À¢€Â that is, the vehicles have spaces and structures that can be used when they are exported. For instance, the space for the license plates in the bumpers is much larger than what is needed in Brazil because there is no international pattern for them. Another example is a device to fit a children chair on the back seat, which is required by countries such as Australia and Canada. The engineers also test the cars in the importing countries.

    The adaptation of vehicles to be exported to Iran was an example of the complexity of that kind of operation. Bertocchi pointed out that Thursdays and Fridays are the weekend days for Iranians. In addition the time lag between Brazil and Iran is seven hours. And Iranian employees stop at certain hours of the day for praying. “In practice, we had less than 5 hours a week to make contact with Iran,” he said. “In other words, engineers have to be very flexible professionals,” he added.

    VW has 47 plants around the world. Engineering bureaus exist in six countries besides Germany: China, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. Of those, only Brazilˢ۪s can lead projects and carry out the productˢ۪s complete development. In the Brazilian subsidiaryˢ۪s engineering area work approximately 1,400 employees. For the project that resulted in the Fox, VW hired 120 engineers that had just graduated.

    BrazilÀ¢€™s engineering bureau has as its main objective developing vehicles for emergent countries. “But VW do Brasil put great pressure on the German headquarters to let us export the Fox to Europe because we considered it very important for the corporation to have a low cost car in that market. Our marketing, by the way, was based precisely on the idea that we were rescuing VWÀ¢€™s traditional spirit of producing good quality, low cost cars for the consumer,” he completed.

  • jony

    ch,c you dam shit!!! You problably drive a Brazilian made car and don’t know it!!!
    R&D in the Automotive Industry
    Brazilian subsidiariesˢ۪ experience shows that local development
    engineering is already competitive with the international market

    In the automotive industry, the Brazilian product engineering already competes with its international equivalents. That was what came out of the SAE Brazil 2005 Congress À¢€“ SAE is the acronym for the Society of Automotive Engineers À¢€“, held in November in SÀƒ£o Paulo, of which three automobile manufacturers À¢€“ General Motors (GM), Ford and Volkswagen (VW) À¢€“ and a supplier of parts, Visteon, participated. Since 2003, when GMÀ¢€™s Meriva began to be sold to Mexico and Europe, automobiles projected in Brazil are being exported to more demanding markets. In addition to the Meriva, also VWÀ¢€™s Fox, is the result of a project developed in Brazil and later exported to European countries.

    The forum “Perspectives for Development Engineering in Brazil”, part of the SAE Congress, had the presence of Marcelo Bertocchi, VWÀ¢€™s Engineering manager, Edson Furlan, GMÀ¢€™s director of Product Engineering, MÀƒ¡rcio Alfonso, FordÀ¢€™s chief engineer, and Jomar NapoleÀƒ£o, VisteonÀ¢€™s Product Engineering director. The facilitator was Ruy Quadros, a researcher at the Department of Scientific and Technological Policy (Departamento de PolÀƒ­tica CientÀƒ­fica e TecnolÀƒ³gica) of the Institute of Geosciences (Instituto de GeociÀƒªncias) À¢€“ DPCT-IG À¢€“ of the State University of Campinas (Unicamp). “In the last few years, we have observed that the manufacturers are increasing the development of products in Brazil, integrating their local subsidiaries to their global development network,” said Quadros. He showed the figures of the Industrial Survey of Technological Innovation (Pesquisa Industrial de InovaÀƒ§Àƒ£o TecnolÀƒ³gica) À¢€“ Pintec, that indicate the increase of the automotive sectorÀ¢€™s investments in research and development. In 2000, R$ 549 million (approximately US$ 261 million at the current exchange rate) were invested; in 2003, R$ 1.3 billion (about US$ 610 million). He also noted that the industry carries out more development activities than research.

    The companies have different strategies. While VW and GM are concerned with manufacturing vehicles that are adaptable to the global market, Ford has focused its development engineering on the domestic market, in which its presence was reduced when it joined VW to form the now long defunct Autolatina. The Brazilian unit of Visteon, on the other hand, is concerned with its leadership of projects within the corporation, which it sees as having the best chances for adding value.

    | 2006 – Unicamp Innovation | All rights reserved | REMOVE SUBSCRIPTION

  • AES

    Who knows what evil lurks in the hearts of men, apparently its no longer the Shadow, but ch.c

    All you do is bitch. Are you a cunt, effete, ineffectual. Your language and the feeling is so self hatefully impotent.

    It is like you have terminal meopause. You are forever on the rag.

    If your not a chick why dont you become a Jesuit, assuming you have the intellectual warewithall and compassion to. But you dont. You can identify evil, but do nothing, and thus are a contributor. You cause your life by your thinking. If you think Brazil is a shithole instead of an infinite Eden, you will act as though it were and in your actions cause it.

    You are a nervous nelley. You think that Brazil is poor, it is not, it is one of the richest countries on the planet. Its people are evolving as the country. It takes twenty years to get a degree, give it ten more before you start bitching. Do you think the status quo will be allowed to remain the same in police performance. There are diamonds in them mines, gold in them hills, cattle on them farms, and oil in the ground, and fields of soy, and sugar.

    Interest rates are going to come down Tonto, to encourage middle business. taxes will be reduced, and honesty will prevail. It always does. But it takes 100 years and you’ve been at it for 20. But look at what is so incredibly good and stop your repetoire of negativity. Christ your like a bitter lonely fat chick.

    Money follows intelligecnc. If it is smart to have slaves it has slaves. If it is smart to allow chaos it allows chaos. If it is smart to seek equinimity it will seek equinimity. Everyone dies, along with their bad ideas.

    Only the good survives, look at The Gospels, The New Testiment, Plato, Lao Tsu, Confuscus. . .the villans of history are like dust in the wind, dirty and gritty to the taste. It takes time for an orchard to grow, a weed grows in a day so does a thistle, but an Orange grove, that takes ten years.

    Brazil has been planting for twenty years. Time to harvest.

    Your thinking is rigid, can you Samba, play conga, write poetry. You have a constant pseudo intellectual, pedantic, stic up your ass.

    Oh and dip shit my lawn mower cost $R25,000, it was a Kabota tractor with a three point hitch, a bush hog, and a two meter finishing deck.

    And besides after doing some research John Deere is already here and in production.

    Maybe one day you will have a good idea and produce something, except hopeless pessimism, and vitriole.

  • ch.c.

    such as public health and automation ??????.
    Is your automation prowess responsible for your high unemployment rate ?????
    Is your automation expertise with all your sugarcane fields workers ?????
    Ohhh…may be those in the charcoal industry ?
    Or in your cars or trucks industries ? Just remember us what are the names of the Brazilian cars and trucks manufacturers !

    Or is your automation expertise in crimes and corruptions….only ?

    Hmmm !

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