Global Warming Won’t Spare Brazil’s Amazon, Which Will Turn into Dry Savannah

The Brazilian Amazon may become a huge dry savannah

The Brazilian Amazon may become a huge dry savannah An environmental group said Thursday, April 5, some of the world's greatest natural treasures are threatened with destruction because of global warming – from Australia's Great Barrier Reef to the Brazilian Amazon rain forests and the unique ecosystem of the Mexican desert.

On the sidelines of a climate change conference in Brussels, the World Wildlife Fund for Nature issued a list of 10 regions suffering serious damage from global warming, and where it has projects to limit further damage or help people adapt to new conditions.

"What we are talking about are the faces of the impacts of climate change," said Lara Hansen, WWF's chief scientist on climate issues.

The group said coral reefs around the world, including the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Mesoamerican Reef off Belize, begin to lose their color and die with a rise in ocean waters of just 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit. They are also threatened by the increasing ferocity of tropical storms, another effect of global warming.

Environmentalists project the temperature of the Amazon River could rise by 3.6 to 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit within 50 years, turning between up to 60% of the rain forest into a dry savanna.

In the Bering Sea, warmer winters are leading to the earlier breakup of spring ice and driving salmon stocks closer to the North Pole, disrupting the Arctic ecosystem. Melting ice is also diluting sea water and affecting nutrients for small organisms on which fish feed.

In the Valdivian rain forest in Chile and Argentina, the Alerce tree – which can live for 3,000 years – is threatened by forest fires and declining rainfall. Melting glaciers mean groundwater in the region will also become scarcer.

The Chihuahua Desert straddling the U.S.-Mexican border is suffering from drought and intensive farming and overgrazing. North America's largest desert, the Chihuahua has 3,500 unique plant species, including an array of cactus and yucca, that could be at risk.

Many of the regions at risk were singled out in a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an authoritative body of 2,500 scientists.

The report, which is undergoing governmental review at the five-day conference in Brussels, projects specific consequences for each degree of rising global temperatures, which the IPCC agrees is largely caused by human activity.

Some damage at the 10 areas listed by WWF is irreversible, such as shrinking glaciers, Hansen said. Certain types of coral reefs, however, can recover.

The WWF listing also said:

– Six of seven species of Caribbean turtles are endangered as rising sea levels swamp nesting beaches and feeding grounds.

– Some Himalayan glaciers are receding by 33 to 49 feet per year, causing floods now and threatening summer drought in the future.

– Glaciers in the Tibetan plateau that feed China's Yangtze river are also shrinking, adding to water flows now but threatening shortages of water, food and electricity to 450 million people as they reach a critical point.

– The Bay of Bengal is rising and increasingly violent rainstorms in India could inundate coastal islands, destroy mangrove forests and affect India's , home to the largest wild population of Bengal tigers and to 1 million people.

– Scientists predict East African coastal forests and the offshore ecosystem will also be vulnerable to more frequent and intense storms that will damage agriculture, shoreline mangroves and coral reefs.

Mercopress

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  • Show Comments (9)

  • top acne treatment

    Why not just make a spaceship so we can get off this planet ๐Ÿ˜›

  • Alexandre Fernandes dos Santos

    What are we waiting for?
    Maybe the petrol owners, the industrial owners and others are waiting a mass destruction to take some atitude in partnership with the governments for trying to tap this intensive deploration of the nature.
    But I dought they are scared with the situation, because there is a research going on over the moon in searshing for water. If there is water there they have no reason to concern about, for the way to scape the destruction is simple: just to get an aircraft and land on the moon. What a fantasy!

  • AES

    The sky is falling and the end of the Earth is at hand.
    Yeh right. Bring back atomic energy, then of course there is the China Syndrome. And on and on, and tell the Chinese and the Indians while you are at it to stop burning fossil fuel, or else. Or else what?

  • roulette man

    global warming organizations
    To deal with global warming, the government needs to immediately plant more trees, and stop cutting them down. It is a major problem they need to deal with. The importance of trees has been understated by “scientists” that truly don’t understand the relevance of trees. Don’t criticize the importance of the concept until you know all the facts. On top of deforestation, we are polluting the environment. Another contributing factor is modern day energy systems rely on explosion rather than implosion, and this generates heat. Every systems need to be more efficient and work on implosion, so they stay cool. The non-profit energy research organization at http://www.universalsymbiosis.org (also http://www.genuinewinner.com ) is active in these areas which will help reverse effects of global warming. I suggest everyone also read “Living Energies” by Callum Coats which explains the work of Victor Schauberger and the importance of trees to our planet. Don’t rely on information from the authorities as their advisors don’t fully understand the life cycle of the planet. We need to push the authorities to develop forest management and sustainability plans, and this will solve at least part of the problem.

  • tahlia

    climate change is bad ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿ˜ฎ ๐Ÿ˜ฅ

  • sergio jacinto

    i hate it, i am trying to find information on why Brazil is against global warming and the kyoto treaty and i end up finding this useless article ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿ™

  • Ric

    Even if there is water on the moon, what about air? You can go thirty days without food, three days without water, three hours without warmth in a freezing environment, but only three minutes without oxygen. And how could an aircraft fly without air? O nome faz parte, Rogร€ฦ’ยฉrio?

  • Ric

    Itร€โ€šยดs an Ill Wind Indeed
    That blows well for no one. In this case the dune buggy industry will make a fortune supplying vehicles for the Amazon Desert, VW will delay the demise of the aircooled engine well beyond 2012, and weร€โ€šยดll find all the stuff that has been lost in the Amazon and its tributaries for the last few hundred years.

  • Professor

    Prophecy, Science and Pandemonium
    Reminds me of back in the 70ร€โ€šยดs I read a flier taped to a wall of passing building.
    It spoke about how in the near future, how cities would be plagued with pollution, we would live like sardines in high-rise apartments in overpopulated cities and buy bottled water to drink.
    My first thought was, that will be the day!! when I pay for a bottle of drinking water!
    Now I live in a polluted city like a caged sardine, drinking bottled water.

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